A Window on the Soviet Breakup
The Uzbek Cotton Affair was the biggest purge, and the last, in post-Stalin USSR. This tale of corruption and frustrated power preoccupied the dying Soviet Union and presaged its end.
Negli anni '80 Aleksandr Minkin era un giovane giornalista russo all'inizio di una brillante carriera come critico letterario e teatrale. Durante il suo tour in Asia centrale, si rivolse al giornalismo investigativo, riferendo delle circostanze instabili in periferie sovietiche, dipingere un quadro per il pubblico sovietico del lato brutale del bolscevica modernizzazione, come ad esempio monocoltura del cotone in Uzbekistan, lo sfruttamento dei contadini, il diffusione di deformità e malattie nei bambini a causa di abuso di defolianti e pesticidi nelle zone rurali, la corruzione diffusa, così come l'arretratezza sociale generale delle zone più remote del dell'URSS. Nel 1988, la rivista Ogonek pubblicato famoso pezzo 'khlopkorab' di Minkin (slave cotone) - denunciando per la prima volta sulla stampa sovietica lo sfruttamento del lavoro minorile nei campi di cotone - così come altri articoli che rivelano l'uso di pericolosi defoliante Butifos, e la diffusione di malattia nella repubblica. Questi articoli hanno fatto scalpore e sono stati al centro di un dibattito politico durante la perestroika che entrambi hanno emozionato. Minkin è stato brutalmente attaccato dalla stampa ufficiale e dalla sorveglianza dei servizi di sicurezza. Tuttavia, la campagna per screditare lui non poteva coprire gli scandali interamente, e Minkin diventato un simbolo di giornalismo libero, e una figura intellettuale liberale in Russia post-sovietica,
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
In article "Intellektuals in process of the formation democratic institute in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan" is spoken about uzbek intellectuals and its role in creation democratic institute design. The author shows, with what difficulty faced intellectuals in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan, and that disturbed them to change in one of the key political actors, promoting efficient permit Post-Soviet democratic transit.
The cotton affair, which overwhelmed Uzbekistan after 1983 and involved thousands of state and party cadres, resulted in Rashidov's memory being stained and in extensive purges of the former ruling elite. This massive moralization campaign became a crucial event in late Soviet history, provoking disaffection with the empire among the Uzbek elite and providing a postcolonial trauma narrative undergirding Uzbekistan’s independence and post-Soviet identity. Karimov’s ideological shift (1989-1991) saw the CPUz move from loyal communist orthodoxy towards independence and a nationalist ideological split. Right from birth, the newly independent Republic of Uzbekistan claimed to have been under the colonial tutelage of Moscow and its local ‘puppets,’ as exemplified by the Uzbek affair — as well as the cotton monoculture and the related ecological disaster in the Aral basin, creating a sensitive identity theme of resistance against Soviet power. The major events are here identified: in the harsh political rhetoric of the late 1980s - characterized by such terms as “colonial,” “purge,” “new terror,” “renewed 1937,” “Uzbek genocide”; the witch-hunt against the Uzbek people and anti-Uzbek krasnyi desant by the CPSU; the general amnesty of the prosecuted people, and the rehabilitation of Rashidov as a “national hero.” These events played a major role in reshaping ‘Uzbekness,’ that post-Soviet sense of a unique Uzbek identity.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.