Оценка готовности ИТ-подразделения компании к цифровой трансформации бизнеса
Digital business transformation is a priority for Russian companies in all industries. To develop a company to its full value in the digital environment, it should include an IT department capable of meeting business needs. Evaluation of the current state of the IT department in terms of digital transformation will determine the company’s potential for further development. This article presents a solution to the problem of assessing the IT department’s readiness for digital business transformation by developing a quantitative assessment of the maturity level of the IT department processes for meeting the needs of the enterprise. The approach to solving this problem consists in the joint use of models for assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise as a whole and models for assessing the maturity of the IT department processes and herein is the scientific novelty of the results obtained. At the first stage of the study, based on the analysis of modern information and digital management practices, as well as on the study of approaches to assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise and the processes of the IT department,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN BUSINESS
BUSINESS INFORMATICS No. 2(44) – 2018
we developed the requirements for the IT department maturity model of digital business transformation. The study identified the prospects for IT departments that affect its maturity level, developed a model for quantifying each perspective and a model for calculating the minimum level of maturity of the IT department to achieve the expected assessment of the company’s digital maturity. To assess the willingness of IT departments to digitally transform business, a regression equation of IT department maturity level is constructed from the influencing prospects (factors). The results of approbation of the model are presented.
Digital transformation of organizations became a significant research and engineering challenge worldwide. In many cases digitalization requires extraction of tacit individual, interpersonal or organizational knowledge to explicit machine-readable forms and their conscious application during enterprise reengineering. Successful accomplishment of these tasks vitally relies on a rigorous scientific theory and formal methods. This work presents a new ontology modelling language and corresponding ontology patterns for comprehensive understanding of socio-technical systems, a new model-based approach to support transformation of semantics and syntax of evolvable domain-specific languages, and opportunities to fuse these results in order to support knowledge-based digital transformation of organizations.
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
Proceedings of a meeting held 21-22 November 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
These proceedings contain the papers of the 17th International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in the Digital Age (CELDA 2020), held virtually from 18 to 20 November 2020 and organized by the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS). Due to an exceptional situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, this year the conference was converted to a fully virtual conference.
The CELDA conference aims to address the main issues concerned with evolving learning processes and supporting pedagogies and applications in the digital age. There have been advances in both cognitive psychology and computing that have affected the educational arena. The convergence of these two disciplines is increasing at a fast pace and affecting academia and professional practice in many ways.
The article is devoted to the preparation for the digital transformation of the international air cargo terminal, carried out in order to increase the volume of air cargo and mail processed at the airport at the terminal complex. The process of digital transformation is a process of reengineering. It affects all the functional components of the company, without exception, and, first of all, management. It is important to determine in advance what threats the new management brings to the company, what competitive advantages the terminal can potentially gain as a result of digital transformation, what can serve as the basis for successful reengineering, and what management, technological, and technical issues need to be paid special attention to. The article discusses the technological and organizational aspects of the cargo airport, which can serve as a potential basis for successful transformation. The authors discuss in detail the new key business processes of digital service management at the terminal of companies in the Agency and forwarding environment. We consider options for building these processes based on the integration of services of the digital platform of the cargo terminal, the principles of implementing Omni-channel digital management of the processes of organizing air cargo transportation at an international airport
The article demonstrates that the extent and mode of adolescent participation in social networks have changed with the rapid development of social media technologies. If, at the time when they were first introduced, social networks complemented direct communication and were studied as a separate additional space, now, because of the development of mobile technologies, direct and indirect communications have merged to form a single space. This is reflected in the fact that adolescents have a hard time distinguishing between these spaces in their responses to surveys. This reality, which we discovered during the course of our study, indicates that the methodology that is used to study both the communication of adolescents and the social networks themselves should be revised. Social networks have integrated themselves into the lives of schoolchildren, though their potential for education and the question of how they can be integrated into the education system have been totally ignored. In fact, our study has confirmed the existence of a new, third wave of the computerization of education. This one is not being conducted from the top down, as was true of the two previous ones (which occurred in the 1980s and 2000s), in which state goals for the computerization of the school system led to transformations at the level of the individual schools. Rather, users are instigating this new revolution, and the formal structures are being forced to respond. It has turned out that the system of education is not prepared for such a situation, and as a result teachers and administrators are imposing unjustified and easily violated bans on the use of personal devices. As a consequence, students are becoming increasingly alienated from school.
This paper is devoted to the analysis of challenges and opportunities that emerge from the process of digital transformation in electric utilities. It presents a part of an ongoing study on asset management in electric utilities. Increasing demand for electricity and technological advancement are one of the main factors stimulating digital transformation both in developing and advanced economies. While digital transformation implies high costs and long-term investments, electric utilities can benefit significantly during this process. We propose a theoretical model of value creation in the process of digital transformation with the use of the Porter’s value chain framework. It turns out that generation, transmission and distribution, and retail companies seem to have opportunities to capture significant value form digitalization.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.