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Article

Сумерки интеллигенции

The term “intelligentsia” meaning an educated and “progressive-minded” layer of people was introduced in Russia regardless of the prior popular opinion of P.D. Boborykin. The Russian term is preceded by the German and French analogues: “Intelligenz” and “intellectual” that signified people not belonging to the higher ranks of the “old order”, but differing from the nascent bourgeoisie due to their education, tastes, inclination to criticize the existing regime not corresponding to the criteria if justice and rationality. The researchers of this term evolution note the parallelism of the semantic evolution of “intelligentsia” and “civilization”: concurrent change from adjectives to nouns, definition of the action field of the educated elite. Intelligentsia determined the direction of the culture development. In this regard its function is similar to the function of the ruling power, but in a different notional field. Intellectuals are the ideologists of “par excellence”, they bring meaningfulness to social reality for the uneducated masses.