Anti-smoking policy in Russia: Relevant factors and program planning
In this paper, we consider anti-smoking policy in Russia and the socioeconomic factors that influence an individual’s
decision to smoke. Among various factors, we investigate the individual time preferences of Russians.
To estimate individual time preferences, we use an experiment in which survey respondents are given hypothetical
money prizes. We find that being middle-aged, being unmarried and having parents who smoke are
positively correlated with both men and women’s likelihood of taking up smoking in Russia. We consider the
possible endogeneity of an individual’s health status and find a positive relationship between smoking and the
time preferences of Russians. Our findings confirm that decisionmakers should devote their efforts primarily to
developing restrictive anti-smoking policy. The choice of policy measures should be guided by the individual
characteristics of target population groups. Social advertising, public lectures and preventive care should be
actively engaged in forming public attitudes towards smoking.