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Article

Региональные различия динамики промышленного производства в России: текущие тенденции

Григорьев Л. М., Лобанова А. А., Голяшев А. В.

The article presents the analysis of comparative dynamics of different types of industrial
production in Russian regions from the viewpoint of extractive and processing industries
ratio and a general industrial potential. Special attention is paid to the leading regions of the
country. It is shown that the way out of recession is provided by extractive and electrical
industries that improved in almost all regions in 2016 with extractive industry growing
in more diversified regions. 67% of industrial deliveries in 2015–2016 are accounted for
20 regions (mainly financial-economic centers, parts of Ural, Volga and Siberia), 15 of
which increased their industrial output in 2016. The task is set to estimate experimentally
how much the invariance of regional industries to the changes in comparative dynamics
in the industries, to distribution of resources, and to their productivity, is modified under
the influences of crises and whether such changes happen at all. The article also sets out to
determine how much the overall picture of industrial dynamics and comparative regional
data is modified not because of resource, demand or institutional shocks, but as a result of
changes in the methods of informative display of industrial dynamics due to moving to a
new system of statistical recording. It is proven that the phenomenon of ‘double inertia’ –
inertia of general production structure and inertia of territorial structure of production
dynamics – remains a fundamental feature of national economy. This indirectly confirms
the impossibility of considerable transformation of both types of mactrostructures within
the current values of accumulation rate in Russian economy.