Типология компетенций рабочих кадров аэрокосмической отрасли
The problem of workforce training is a particularly relevant in the aerospace industry, because the aerospace industry is an area where the unique technical systems are created, cutting-edge science is used, breakthrough technologies are implemented. At the same time, last priorities of quantitative growth of import substitution and domestic economy aerospace products are applied to a system of training skilled workers aerospace companies insurance that the competence of working conditions it is a key result of their training. The purpose of this study is to analyze and systematize the types of workforce competences in a single competence typology, taking into account the strategic priorities of the aerospace industry. The objectives of the study are the following: relevance justification of the competence approach to training workers in the aerospace industry; analysis of existing researches in the field of competences typologies; determination of clusters set and types of competences in working typology. The composition of factors which actualize the use of competency approach to workforce training is the following: the awareness need for workers with high “price decision” on a separate workplace; the need for properly evaluation of individual contribution of a specific worker in a unique manufacturing result. (this is connected to the specifics of individual and small-scale production at the aerospace company); inclusion in the evaluation of worker's labor his personal qualities, which provide motivation for productivity increase; high adaptability of competency model in the selection, motivation, evaluation and workforce development. Two approaches are provided to the understanding of competence essence: activity – motivational approach (competence as a willingness to act) and the descriptive approach (competence – a set of employees characteristics). Activity-motivational approach is the most relevant approach to the workforce competences. This approach underlines the willingness and ability to show professional activities as a result of learning knowledge skills. The author analyzed a number of competences typologies of domestic and foreign scholars. The author proposes to typify the working competences as a corporate, personal and professional. This method allows taking into account the most accurate industry-specific during the structuring and typing competences. Moreover, this method will allow us to focus on the certain staff categories including the category of workers.