The problems of the man are examined in the context of the state development, human inner world, and perception of historical events. The researcher has used their private sources such as diaries, memoirs and letters which reflect the levels of spiritual life and psychology of people living in individual historic ages.
The article examines the problems of religious feelings of the Soviet population in 1960- 1970es. The article shows the typical classification and analysis of questionnaires, some methods of sociology of religion, tasks put forward by the studying and “eradication” of religious consciousness, some aspects of “the party order” for atheism and others. The article presents the archival materials that are kept in the Russian Archive of Socio-Political History.