Aleksandr Minkin: A pioneer of investigative journalism in Soviet Central Asia (1979–1991)
In the 1980s, she was a young Russian journalist. It was a question that he was on his case, and that he was on the same page. In the case of the population of the USSR, it’s not a problem. In 1988, For the first time, she read the article. of illness in the republic. These articles are caused by the political debate during the perestroika of the Soviet Communist party. Minkin was viciously attacked by the security authorities. However, it’s not a problem.
This paper investigates links between corruption and collusion in procurement. A first-price multiple-object auction is administered by an agent who has legal discretion to allow for a readjustment of (all) submitted offers before the official opening. The agent may be corrupt, i.e. willing to sell his decision in exchange for a bribe. Our main result shows that the corrupt agent's incentives to extract rents are closely linked with that of a cartel of bidders. First, collusive bidding conveys value to the agent's decision power. Second, self-interested abuse of discretion to extract rents (corruption) provides a mechanism to enforce collusion. A second result is that package bidding can facilitate collusion. We also find that with corruption, collusion is more likely in auctions where firms are small relative to the market. Our main message to auction designers, competition authorities and criminal courts is that risks of collusion and of corruption must be addressed simultaneously. Some other policy implications for the design of tender procedures are discussed.
The historical and political situation of Uzbekistan created a unique context where language
and ethnicity do not completely overlap for all groups. The study focused on three groups of
Uzbeks: Uzbek Uzbek-speakers, Russian Russian-speakers, and Uzbek Russian-speakers. We
explored how national, ethnic, ethnolinguistic, and religious identities are associated with
interethnic friendship and romantic relationships in these three groups. Identities that are more
inclusive (national and ethnolinguistic) were associated with more positive interethnic
attitudes and practices, while the opposite was found for ethnic identity. The national, ethnic,
ethnolinguistic, and religious identities were strongest for Uzbek-speaking Uzbeks and
weakest for the Russian-speaking Russians. Our study demonstrated the relevance of a
profound knowledge of the local history and context to understand the role of the various
social identities for the groups in Uzbekistan.
In article "Intellektuals in process of the formation democratic institute in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan" is spoken about uzbek intellectuals and its role in creation democratic institute design. The author shows, with what difficulty faced intellectuals in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan, and that disturbed them to change in one of the key political actors, promoting efficient permit Post-Soviet democratic transit.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.