Новые онтологии архитектуры и архитектуры новых онтологий
The aim of this article is to highlight the relationships between contemporary tendencies in the humanities (the new ontologies) and contemporary architectural practices. The author articulates the distinction between the optics of the «old ontologies» and the new ones. The ontologies considered to be new ones are flat, free from classical opposition between the whole and the parts and based on modality of possibility, but not obligation. Objects and practices traditionally referred to as architecture appear to be based on the principles of the «old ontologies». For them human being is an extraordinary object compared to others, the part-to-whole relationships appear to reflect either the superiority of the whole (society) or the superiority of the part (individual), finally, they are aimed at creating an “it has to be this way” picture. The new ontologies seem to be impossible to apply to architecture in its traditional meaning. Nevertheless, a two-fold link between the new ontologies and architecture can be posed. On the one hand, the former offer a new language to describe the variety of traditional architecture and accept that all of directions, styles and buildings are ontologically coordinate. On the other hand, the new ontologies enable some new architectural practices (computer architecture, architecture of virtual space and speculative architecture) which do not substitute for traditional architecture, but accompany it.
Keywords: new ontologies, flat ontologies, architecture, computer architecture, architecture of virtual space, speculative architecture
The paper describes the development of a portal about development and use of tools based on the (meta) modeling (using DSM, DSL, etc.). The architecture of a portal, information retrieval subsystem and document management are described.
The purpose of the portal is the creation of "selfdeveloping" resource, which provides intelligent search and automatic processing of the results (documents and sources), easy navigation on the found resources. Implementation is based on the ontologies approach.
The main feature of suggested methods is an integrated approach to development. The approach bases on a multi-level ontology repository. The portal allows searching and analyzing information, creating and researching model, publishing research results. Software gives an opportunity of a flexible customizing. The main topic of this paper is an intelligent information search means based on semantic indexation, automatic document classification, tracking of semantic links between documents and automatic summarization.
Interactions of architecture with social sciences during the Soviet period (from 1920th on) are analyzed including impact of social knowledge upon architecture and planning decisions. The study is based on review of relevant periodicals, collections of texts and monographs on architecture and urban sociology.
This paper addresses the processes by which the international community intervened and participated in the defining of Bosnian identity and the corresponding constitutional framework, as well as the continuous paradoxical tension between the ethnic local and claims to universalism of supranational legal norms. In particular, the 1995 Constitution and the architecture of its sovereignty have been contested through provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights. The analysis is further supported by the discussion of the architectonic structure of the Town Hall/National Library in Sarajevo that has had an important constitutional role since the collapse of the Ottoman period. The paper thus focuses on two sites for construction/deconstruction of Bosnian sovereignty: the constitutional framework and the more concretely visible architectural symbol of the Town Hall/National Library. This importance of a visual and spatial approach to Bosnian realities is carried further by the 1993 ‘Eulogy’ that Jean-Luc Nancy wrote for Sarajevo, as a site of the Mêlée.
Usage of visual domain-specific languages in software engineering allows to simplify the process of software creation and to attract to it the experts in domain, who are not professional programmers. However creation new domain-specific language is the nontrivial task, therefore the problem of automation of their development process is the topical task. For the automation, designing of visual modeling languages it is offered to use the ontologies received as a result of the analysis of text corpus. In article, the approach to automatic creation of visual modeling languages on the basis of domain ontologies is considered.
This book constitutes a collection of selected contributions from the 12th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research, BIR 2013, held in Warsaw, Poland, in September 2013. Overall, 54 submissions were rigorously reviewed by 41 members of the Program Committee representing 21 countries. As a result, 19 full and 5 short papers from 12 countries have been selected for publication in this volume. This book also includes the two keynotes by Witold Abramowicz and Bernhard Thalheim. The papers cover many aspects of business information research and have been organized in topical sections on: business process management; enterprise and knowledge architectures; organizations and information systems development; information systems and services; and applications.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th Conference on Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web, KESW 2013, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in October 2013. The 18 revised full papers presented together with 7 short system descriptions were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers address research issues related to knowledge representation, semantic web, and linked data.
Today many problems that are dedicated to a particular problem domain can be solved using DSL. Thus to use DSL it must be created or it can be selected from existing ones. Creating a completely new DSL in most cases requires high financial and time costs. Selecting an appropriate existing DSL is an intensive task because such actions like walking through every DSL and deciding if current DSL can handle the problem are done manually. This problem appears because there are no DSL repository and no tools for matching suitable DSL with specific task. This paper observes an approach for implementing an automated detection of requirements for DSL (ontology-based structure) and automated DSL matching for specific task.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.