Combined impact of 500 keV protons and oxygen plasma on polyimide films
This paper presents results of experimental investigation of combined impact of 500 keV protons with fluences of 1015–1016 cm−2 and oxygen plasma with fluences of (0.8–3.5) 1020 cm−2 on polyimide films. Measured UV–vis transmission, Raman and XPS spectra of polyimide specimens before and after combined impact and data on the sample mass losses as a result of erosion due to oxygen plasma exposure are given. On the base of the obtained spectroscopic results, the changes in the polyimide structure caused by the proton and oxygen irradiation are analyzed and discussed.
We apply first principles calculations to compare the carbon and boron nitride nanotube unzipping under atomic oxygen impact. We show that the attack of several oxygen atoms can cause bond breaking in nanotubes, but the structure of boron nitride nanotubes is less damaged than the structure of carbon ones. With increasing diameter, the structural damage of nanotubes reduces
The results of measurements of an electron density in a microwave plasma filament in dense gas (argon) are reported. The electron density has been determined on the basis of Stark broadening of lines detected in the absorption spectrum. A high-resolution spectrometer incorporating GaAlAs diode laser operating at 870 nm has been used to measure Stark broadening and shifts of the argon line. The electron density in the filament was found to increase from the initial level of 10 exp 12/cu cm to value n sub e greater than 10 exp 16/cu cm. The dependencies of the electron density on gas pressure and microwave power density are presented.
The paper presents experimental data on the effects of the flow of atomic oxygen (AO) for highly filled composites of high impact polystyrene (HIPS) and superfine silicon-organic filler. The coefficients of erosion after exposure to AО, by scanning electron microscopy of the composites was studied relief after irradiation. Also in the paper, the physical and mathematical modeling of erosion processes on the basis of the data.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
By using superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, we investigated anisotropic high-field (H less than or similar to 7T) low-temperature (10 K) magnetization response of inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films grown by rf sputtering deposition on Sitall (TiO2) glass substrates. In the grown FeNi films, the FeNi layer nominal thickness varied from 0.6 to 2.5 nm, across the percolation transition at the d(c) similar or equal to 1.8 nm. We discovered that, beyond conventional spin-magnetism of Fe21Ni79 permalloy, the extracted out-of-plane magnetization response of the nanoisland FeNi films is not saturated in the range of investigated magnetic fields and exhibits paramagnetic-like behavior. We found that the anomalous out-of-plane magnetization response exhibits an escalating slope with increase in the nominal film thickness from 0.6 to 1.1 nm, however, it decreases with further increase in the film thickness, and then practically vanishes on approaching the FeNi film percolation threshold. At the same time, the in-plane response demonstrates saturation behavior above 1.5-2T, competing with anomalously large diamagnetic-like response, which becomes pronounced at high magnetic fields. It is possible that the supported-metal interaction leads to the creation of a thin charge-transfer (CT) layer and a Schottky barrier at the FeNi film/Sitall (TiO2) interface. Then, in the system with nanoscale circular domains, the observed anomalous paramagnetic-like magnetization response can be associated with a large orbital moment of the localized electrons. In addition, the inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films can possess spontaneous ordering of toroidal moments, which can be either of orbital or spin origin. The system with toroidal inhomogeneity can lead to anomalously strong diamagnetic-like response. The observed magnetization response is determined by the interplay between the paramagnetic-and diamagnetic-like contributions.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.