• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
  • HSE University
  • Publications of HSE
  • Articles
  • Конституционно-правовая регламентация полномочий президента в постсоветских государствах Закавказья

Article

Конституционно-правовая регламентация полномочий президента в постсоветских государствах Закавказья

Государственная служба. 2017. Т. 19. № 5. С. 115-119.

The analysis of the evolution of constitutional and legal regulation of the president's powers in the "post-Soviet" countries of Transcaucasia is presented in the article. There is the topic of presidency constitutional institutionalization in Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan in the focus of this research. And the efficiency of presidency, the possibilities of Head of state to bring to bear influence on the whole social life of all kinds, as well as “tilt stabilization” of his status and statures of other branches of power, their capacity of downward pressure depend on its (topic) legal solution. This situation demands the wide legal analysis and reflection, thorough understanding of different models of constitutional regulation of president powers and tendencies determination of their development. In sum, the author concludes that the presidency plays a crucial role in the political and legal institutions of the republics of the Transcaucasia. In practice, the implementation of the presidential form of government in all these countries is declared semipresidential, when in fact most of them have passed the superpresidentialism stage. The presidentalism establishment in the nineties of the 20th century is characterized by common features – Armenian, Georgian and Azerbaijan nations came through social trials and shocks. And it was strong president power that led to meaningful stabilization of the society. There is differently directed development of presidency in the noughties and tenth of the 21st century. Presidentalism comes to moderate form in Georgia. The form of government is drawn to parliamentary republic Armenia. But at the same time the prerogative powers of President are strengthened in Azerbaijan as opposite to its neighbors.