Международно-правовые аспекты авторского права Германии (АПГ)
The article deals with international law aspects of the GCL. To this aim firstly the international conventions on copyright law are analyzed, in particular: the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works in the wording of the Paris Act of 1971, the Convention on the Establishment of the World Intellectual Property Organization of 1967, the Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations of 1961 and Aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) 1994. There is also an analysis of the EU copyright law in terms of its correlation with the law of the EU member-states and an assessment of its evolution. It is emphasized that the core fact of origin of authorship is determined on the basis of the national legislation of the Member-States. Special attention is paid to the scope of the “principle of exhausted rights”. The article also touches upon the aspect of private international law. Particular attention is paid to the legal regulation of the Internet, including Internet providers, and its impact on the formation of the GCL. The problem of combating Internet piracy is also raised, as copyright infringement often occurs in relation to works published online. In addition, the article revealed what changes were made to the GCL to comply with EU law (including secondary law acts and the practice of the EU Court). The result of the study is, among otherthings, the conclusion that special legal mechanisms should be developed to regulate new forms of selling works that have emerged as a result of technological progress and in the near future the Internet will undoubtedly form ways for the further development of the GCL. However, this process can negatively affect the leading role of the author as a creative person.
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/
Task: currently interest in the study of historical aspects related to the formation of various legal institutions is increased. The least explored issues in the development of international law and international private law, including the article presents historical and legal analysis of the process of legal registration system of international relations in private law sphere, including with the direct participation of the Russian state.
Model: the study of historical and legal analysis of the process of formation of private international law in the Imperial period with the participation of the Russian state, based on primary sources: international legal instruments (treaties) concluded by Russia with different States for a specified period of time and acts of internal legislation regulating the corresponding sphere, and also the scientific works devoted to the study of relevant issues.
Conclusions: the Conducted historical and legal analysis, identified the main issues which have been subject to legal regulation in the international private law of the relevant period and identifies trends associated with the process of formation of private international law, describes the legal consolidation of the relevant provisions of the international treaties concluded by various, mainly European States as well as the ratio of provisions of international law acts of the Russian legislation.
Frameworks of research/possibility of subsequent use of results of scientific work: the study is limited to the time frame and scope of private international law that can be extended from the point of view of the chronological framework and areas of cooperation.
Social consequences: In systematic form, with links to primary sources, describes the process of becoming legal registration of interstate relations in the field of private law within a specified period of time, which makes a contribution to the study of the history of international law in General, including relevant political and legal processes.
Originality/value – the work can be used to study the history of state and law, private international law and other Sciences.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter