Кто именно думал, что «яхта больше [чем она есть]»?
The present paper is a reply to Borisov’s recent criticism of my interpretation of Russell’s joke about yachts. I partially agree with him in the issue of semantic content / truth conditions differentiation. Nevertheless, I deem it necessary to clarify the basic idea of my approach and to to draw attention the main drawback of the Borisov’s ‘objectual analysis III’ – namely, his interpretation ignores the “reflexive” content of the analyzed sentence.
This article deals with the concept of omnipotence very important for contemporary analytic philosophy of religion. Within the analytic tradition it is usual to uncover an apparent tension between God’s omnipotence and other divine attributes. In response, some authors have proposed their own ideas on how classical problems of omnipotence can be solved in terms of possible worlds theory. In this paper we aim to consider the approaches developed by Geach, Adams and Plantinga. While admitting that each of them has made a significant contribution to the refinement of the concept of omnipotence, we still point out a number of important challenges that these authors were not able to overcome.
In this paper I briefly consider the following questions: 1) the actual ontology of states of affairs as it is given in Plantinga’s semantics; 2) the problem of transworld identity; 3) the redundancy of the concept of «object» as A. Plantinga postulates it. A philosophical analysis of this concept, as well as the concepts of «I» and of «actual world» within the framework of «states of affairs semantics» is provided.
The success of the so-called "ontological argument" prevents two important facts: 1) using the concept of existence as a real predicate, and 2) mixing of modalities de re and de dicto. This article deals with a way to overcome the first problem proposed by Czech logician Pavel Tichy.
Semantic web technologies promise to bring companies closer to their customers and deliver to consumers more relevant content than ever before. Two technologies in particular will help build sustainable advantage for the investor relations team. The first is natural language processing and second content enhancement. Intuitively, semantic content should help establish a higher quality of communication between information providers and consumers. This chapter describes the state-of-the-art in digital text information extraction, specifically the application of semantic technology to confront the challenges of the investor relations department. We discuss the roots of human language technology and ontology-driven information extraction and how such extracted semantic metadata can be used for better decision making, market monitoring and competitor intelligence. We will consider ontology as a sound semantic platform for defining the meaning of content and consequently supporting the prudent access to data for business intelligence. Examples are given on dynamic hypertext views, a solution that links different web pages together based on their semantic meaning. The foundation of the proposed solution relies on an ontology-driven information extraction approach, a framework that merges same entities and stores the semantic metadata in a knowledge base. This framework supports the complete transformation process, including web page crawling, the extraction of knowledge, the creation of unique identifiers and presentations offering access to the portal. In this context, we describe how these technologies are being used in real customer scenarios and compare the classical search approach to a more intelligent approach based on ontology and information extraction. In particular, we describe semantic indexing, building a knowledge base from various sources and give an introduction on how to create domain ontology based on customer queries. Then we tackle issues of merging information from text with semi-structured information from the Web, highlighting the relation to Linked Data using standards like RDF/XML. Finally, we present possible user interfaces which display the aggregated semantic metadata inside a portal and other third party software tools. The chapter concludes by looking beyond the current solution to how semantic technology will add more information in the near future, including a short survey of recent thinking that offers potential extensions to today’s model.
In the present paper we continue our analysis of some problems related to different ontologies. We focus on possible worlds semantics (PWS) as a framework for analyzing basic theological questions as they are put by contemporary analytic theologians (e.g. A. Plantinga). The article upholds some ideas that are key for successful research in the field of contemporary analytic theology, namely: 1) the need to clarify the ontology before investigating its particalar issues; 2) the importance of distinguishing between modalities de dicto and de re; 3) recognition of untranslatability between different ontologies as a starting point of contemporary research for "scholastic" questions.