Цифровая политическая мобилизация онлайн-комментаторов материалов СМИ о политике и международных отношениях
This article discusses results of experimental study of the factors which are engaged in ascription of the different motivations to the bystanders of cyberbullying. This process could be interpreted as one the possible mechanism which influences the moral disengagement. It was supposed that the process of motives ascription is affected by personal characteristics of the author of the communicative product (message) and psychological peculiarities of the member of the experiment. Personal factors were selected on the basis of behavioral studies of witness of cyberbullying. Situational factors were chosen also on the basis of the previous studies; in addition the author used attributional approach for the explanation of common sense. The hypotheses were tested in the factorial experiment. This experiment took place in the August of 2018 in groups of students on the Russian social network «Vkontakte». The between-subjects experimental design with 12 scenarios was used. 460 students participated. The results of the study show that the higher the level of narcissism of the person the more eager is he / she to attribute cyberbullying to the user of the social network. Participants of the experiment with high levels of machiavellism and psychopathy ascribe the same behavior to the trolling. Age and narcissism of the message author also were significantly connected with the process of motive attribution. The results of this study broaden the knowledge about the behavior of bystanders in the Russian segment of the Internet.
This article examines the deformations of the modern sociopolitical space alongside the entire sphere of the political, which result in the phenomenon of political “chimeras” and “phantoms”. The definition of the sociopolitical “chimer” and their possible classification is provided. The authors demonstrate that establishment of the new historical or local status of the political and crisis changes in politics and society takes place mainly under the influence of political “phantoms” and “chimeras”, which form the unpredictable meanings and connotations within the traditional interpretations of the sociopolitical and ideological space. It is described that the value and danger of the political “chimeras” consists in the fact that the fantasy and reality are inseparably intertwined within them, and the created by such “chimeras” philosophical-political sense of the imaginative formats of society is multilayer. The authors note that the social role of political “chimeras” is not always unambiguously negative; they can be applied in various political technologies, as well as able to create and consolidate diverse political and social traditions. As the empirical material, the article used the information field of the Internet. The authors review such phenomenon of the present time as trolling, or a specific type of dialogue that has emerged within subcultures of the social networks, and currently becomes de facto an ordinary language of political communications. The conclusion is made that modern society needs to learn to create a defense mechanism from the sociopolitical “chimeras”, which is able to prevent the extensive disturbances of today, and simultaneously, begin the process of formation of the tools for positive application of abilities of the sociopolitical “chimeras” to comprehensively affect the everyday life and consciousness of all social groups and layers.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.