Декарбонизация национальной экономики: стратегии и сценарии
Global trends of decarbonization of world economy and features of transition of the countries with high economic potential to low-carbon development are analyzed in this article on the basis of a research of the international reports of International Energy Agency (IEA), Institute of sustainable development and researches of France (IDDRI), national reports of UN FCCC. The authors research in detail on the modern directions of implementation of decarbonization of separate sectors of national economy (industry, transport, construction, etc.) of such countries as the USA, the European Union, China, South Korea and Great Britain, identify concrete measures for its implementation, including sectoral measures and mechanisms for improving energy efficiency, support for the development of renewable energy sources and prospects for the development of national systems of trade in emissions. The authors note that the analysis of global trends in the transition to low-carbon development and the development of decarbonization strategies, which presented in the article, has the special importance for the entry of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the club of developed countries.