Декарбонизация национальной экономики: стратегии и сценарии
Global trends of decarbonization of world economy and features of transition of the countries with high economic potential to low-carbon development are analyzed in this article on the basis of a research of the international reports of International Energy Agency (IEA), Institute of sustainable development and researches of France (IDDRI), national reports of UN FCCC. The authors research in detail on the modern directions of implementation of decarbonization of separate sectors of national economy (industry, transport, construction, etc.) of such countries as the USA, the European Union, China, South Korea and Great Britain, identify concrete measures for its implementation, including sectoral measures and mechanisms for improving energy efficiency, support for the development of renewable energy sources and prospects for the development of national systems of trade in emissions. The authors note that the analysis of global trends in the transition to low-carbon development and the development of decarbonization strategies, which presented in the article, has the special importance for the entry of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the club of developed countries.
This paper analyzes Belarus energy system, relations between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia in the framework of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space. The consequences of the recent political crisis in Ukraine will inevitably lead to the review of the relations between the European Union and Russia. In these new conditions, the members of the Common Economic Space of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia must develop a new concept of energy security. This new concept should allow to decrease substantially the influence of the export of hydrocarbons on the economic development of abovementioned countries, thus increasing the competitiveness of their national economies. As a first measure, the members of the Eurasian Union should create the single energy market
In article results of preliminary forecasting of social and economic consequences of creation of the customs union with participation of the Russian Federation, Byelorussia and Republic Kazakhstan by means of computer economic-mathematical model of the general balance Global trade analysis project (GTAP) are resulted.
Present research is the first conducted in Kazakhstan to address the issue of volunteer management directly. At a time when the nonprofit sector has become a reality in Kazakhstan, improving its performance, scope, and reach depends on sound volunteer management practices. The purpose of this research is to learn about existing practices of volunteer administration in Kazakhstan and their implementation. To carry out the research, we implemented a survey of nonprofit organizations in Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan.
This is a review of issues and problems, including cross-border disputes, arising during customs examination and sampling in the Russian Federation and the European Union. The Customs Union of the Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Republic of Belarus was formed in accordance with the Agreement of 6 October 2007. This article provides some concrete examples of cross-border disputes in comparison to similar problems that have arisen in the EU, particularly in the Netherlands. Based on this review, we will conclude with some suggestions to improve the handling of cross-border disputes arising from customs examinations and sampling.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.