Запреты и дозволения в «питейной» политике дореволюционной и современной России
The article is devoted to peculiarities of national alcohol policy in pre-revolutionary and modern Russia. The state's desire to gain a sustainable income to the Treasury from the constant demand for alcohol was met with the need to preserve the health of the nation. Finding a balance between social needs and political ambitions manifested in the introduction of regulating the distribution of alcohol restrictions. The aim of the study is the identification of the prohibitions and permissions in the sphere of the alcoholic products retail trade, set in different historical periods, and the determination of the vectors of these measures system. The conclusion is maid about the traditional character of state intervention in the process of the market of alcoholic beverages functioning. In modern legal reality there are conceptual approaches to forming of "drinking" policy, but it is only a step on the long way to the ideal model of a fair balance of public and private interest in the organization of a market for such a specific product like alcohol.