Влияние эффекта простого измерения на приверженность лечению пациентов с хроническими заболеваниями
50% patients with chronic disease shows unintentional and intentional medication non-adherence. Medication non-adherence causes 4 to 10% of preventable healthcare losses. SMS reminders are associated with significant improvement in adherence rates. The current paper tests whether the question-behavior effect (QBE) could improve SMS reminders effectiveness. Preliminary RCT (N=40) shows positive, but not significant effect of QBE/SMS combination on medication adherence rates (ASD=0.249 (95% C. I. -0.061 – 0.560)), which corresponds to the predicted effect size (ASD=0.166 (95% C. I. 0.044 – 0.276)). Additional research is required for confirmation of QBE/SMS combination effectiveness.
The book proposes and substantiates the idea of developing an interdisciplinary concept of anti-corruption compliance in the Russian Federation, based on the use of the achievements of the sciences of international law, criminal law, criminal procedure law, criminalistics and investigative activities.
The authors propose an own definition of the anti-corruption compliance and analyse main reasons for implementation of anti-corruption compliance in companies. Special attention is paid to distinctive features of legal regulation of the anti-corruption compliance in Russia and in foreign countries. The book contributes to the integration of main scientific definitions and concepts from criminal law and criminalistics, such as corruption crime, corruption offences and corruption risks into the concept of anti-corruption compliance system.
According to the authors, the interdisciplinary concept of anti-corruption compliance should create a solid basis for developing standards and recommendations for Russian companies and guidelines for judges and law enforcement officers.
The author analyzes incentives for Russian companies to implement anti-corruption compliance programmes, place of anti-corruption compliance in corporate structure, main components of the Code of Conduct and anti-corruption compliance programme.
We study the regularity and topological structure of a compact connected set $S$ minimizing the “compliance" functional with a length penalization. The compliance here is the work of the force applied to a membrane which is attached along the set $S$. This shape optimization problem, which can be interpreted as that of finding the best location for attaching a membrane subject to a given external force, can be seen as an elliptic PDE version of the minimal average distance problem. We prove that minimizers in the given region consist of a finite number of smooth curves which meet only at triple points with angles of 120 degrees, contain no loops, and possibly touch the boundary of the region only tangentially. The proof uses, among other ingredients, some tools from the theory of free discontinuity problems (monotonicity formula, flatness improving estimates, blow-up limits), but adapted to the specific problem of min-max type studied here, which constitutes a significant difference with the classical setting and may be useful also for similar other problems.
Health Psychology as a discipline is established as an independent field of psychological knowledge, realizing the biopsychosocial approach to health and illness. However there are questions remaining open: how practically this approach is applied in health psychology and what are the borders between health psychology and close disciplines (psychosomatics, body functions regulation psychology, behavioral medicine, positive psychology). The purpose of this paper is to examine the possibilities and limitations in the application of the biopsychosocial approach to health psychology, as well as to compare different alternative sciences based on this approach. There is heterogeneity of biopsychosocial approach revealed, that is based on three different functions this approach has in the regulation of research: the role of ethical and social guidelines, the role of methodological principle, the role of the explanatory model for health and illness. The specificity of the subject area of health psychology implies taking into account issues like wide / narrow definition of the subject in various disciplines; what kind of discipline serves as an integrative; as well as understanding of social situation of science development (including the development of psychosomatic medicine in Russia), its goals and objectives.
The article analyzes the moral considerations, legal and market incentives for organizations to implement anti-corruption compliance. It also assesses the role of anti-corruption compliance in prevention of corruption offences.
The book is the result of an extensive research conducted by professors of five academic institutions from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - the BRICS countries. The purpose of this work is to analyze the anti-corruption and anti-money laundering legislation in each of these countries, showing the similarities and differencies in terms of domestic legal frames and the international guidelines.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
In the internal medicine wide spectrum the gastroenterology is one of the chapters, less enlightened by the scientific evidence. It does not mean that the practice of the grasntroenterology may ot be improved by the systematic use of the approaches of the evidence based medicine