Великая дивергенция XVIII века?
Восток. Афро-азиатские общества: история и современность. 2017. Т. 4. С. 38-46.
Korotayev A., Zinkina J. V.
Priority areas: humanitarian
, , , Cliodynamics: The Journal of Quantitative History and Cultural Evolution UC Riverside 2018 Vol. 9 No. 2 P. 108-123
The article suggests that the Great Divergence of the 19th century between “the West” and “the East” was preceded by the Great Divergence in the 18th century between the Global North and the Global South. This may be attributed to a new, much higher level of state efficiency in the Global North. The eastern and ...
Added: February 16, 2018
, Вестник Института экономики Российской академии наук 2015 № 1 С. 149-162
The 19th century saw an explosive growth of the gap between the “First” and the “Third” World as regards per capita incomes and levels of life that has become to be known as the “Great Divergence”. In the 20th century the Great Divergence continued up to the early 1970s, and then – in the late ...
Added: December 3, 2015
, Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 12: Социология 2020 Т. 13 № 2 С. 116-128
The paper focuses on the two main directions: a retrospective analysis of the stated concepts and the analysis of their role in global sociology. This work is devoted to the concepts of the “global North–South” and their history in the context of (global) sociology. The article focuses on a historical and sociological reconstruction of the ...
Added: May 6, 2020
, , , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2017 № 2 С. 5-31
In this paper employing both economics and political science we look into the problem of “development traps”, the mechanisms that block welfare growth in developing countries. By analyzing existing theories (“middle income trap”, “Malthusian trap” etc.) we suggest a systematic approach based on the notion of Total Factor Productivity (TFP). We use mathematical models and ...
Added: June 16, 2017
Which Countries Generate Kondratieff Waves in Global GDP Growth Rate Dynamics in the Contemporary World?
, , , Journal of Globalization Studies 2020 Vol. 11 No. 1 P. 33-63
It is shown that the Kondratieff wave dynamics in the growth rates of global GDP is generated now by the developing countries, while in the previous era the Kon- dratieff dynamics was generated primarily by the most economically developed countries of the First World. We re-visit the question of the presence of the Kon- dratieff ...
Added: September 11, 2020
, Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2014 Т. 9 № 1 С. 48-70
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) is one of the key platforms of the multilateral dialogue on global agenda issues in the Asia-Pacific region. Notwithstanding its regional character, the annual APEC leaders` summits significance is comparable with that of the key global governance institutions, such as the G8 and G20, summits. With increasing integration and ...
Added: March 16, 2014
Циклически сбалансированные траектории в модели экономического роста с эндогенным переключением политики
, , Математическое моделирование 2018 Т. 30 № 4 С. 3-20
Balanced growth paths are typical research subjects for models of macroeconomic dynamics. Balanced growth paths are model solutions that assume constant policy parameters (such as tax rate) and allow for monotonous and proportional growth of model components. In this paper, we construct and test a model with policy switching based on economic retrospective voting: the ...
Added: December 31, 2017
, , Efficiency, Policy Selection and Growth in Democracy and Autocracy: A Formal Dynamical Model / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2014. No. WP BRP 16/PS/2014.
The main focus of this paper is the impact of efficiency losses, related to public capital stock, on the prospects of economic growth in democratic and autocratic political environments. We introduce a distinction between two types of efficiency loss: along with the loss of public capital during its accumulation, we take into account the process ...
Added: October 24, 2014
, , , Terrorism and Political Violence 2021 Vol. 33 No. 3 P. 572-595
The performed cross-national tests with negative binomial regression models support the presence of a curvilinear relationship between the quantitative expansion of education (measured with mean years of schooling) and terrorist attack intensity. Growth of schooling in the least educationally developed countries is associated with a significant ten- dency towards the growth of terrorist attack intensity. ...
Added: November 19, 2019
, , Восток. Афро-азиатские общества: история и современность 2017 С. 40-48
В статье показано, что Великой дивергенции XIX в. между Западом и Восточной Ази- ей предшествовала Великая дивергенция XVIII в. между глобальным Севером и глобальным Югом. Это обусловлено тем, что в странах глобального Севера государственным структу- рам в XVIII в. удалось выйти на новый, существенно более высокий уровень эффективности. При этом на Западе и Востоке глобального ...
Added: October 12, 2017
, , , Cyclically Balanced Growth Paths in a Model of Economic Growth with Endogenous Policy Switching / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2015. No. 109/EC/2015.
This paper deals with a model of economic growth, which we expand to include endogenous policy switching based on retrospective voting. It is shown that under certain conditions the solution has a special form that we call a cyclically balanced growth path. This type of solution is an analogue to balanced growth paths, which often ...
Added: November 18, 2015
, Общество и экономика 2011 № 8-9 С. 256-276
Наши представления о Китае не успевают за его развитием. Китайские достижения одних восхищают, других страшат, налицо также стремление использовать китайский феномен для подкрепления самых разнообразных идей и концепций. Правда и то, что писать о Китае бесстрастно стало довольно трудно. Неудивительно, что многие сценарии будущего развития Китая разнообразны и взаимоисключающи (анализ ряда прогнозов см.: Бергер 2009: ...
Added: October 14, 2014
Председательство Российской Федерации в «Группе двадцати»: в поисках баланса и путей обеспечения фискальной устойчивости и уверенного роста
, , et al., Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2013 Т. 8 № 4 С. 122-179
The paper explores the outcomes of Russian Federation G20 Presidency in 2013. The analysis is based on the model of balancing external conditions and national priorities for developing an agenda in informal institutions (supply-demand model). This analytical paradigm allows to reveal to what extent the Presidency has managed to ensure: 1) a high level of ...
Added: November 12, 2013
, Экономические стратегии 2019 Т. 165 № 7 С. 46-56
In the Southern part of Eurasia an arch of instability that is capable to affect drasticall the process of regionalization of the global economy in being formed ...
Added: December 9, 2019
Нью-Йорк : World Bank, 2007
India's recent growth rate has been impressive, with real GDP rising by over 8 percent a year since 2004. The country is also becoming a top global innovator for high-tech products and services. Still, India is underperforming relative to its innovation potential. Even a dynamic young population--more than half of whom are under 25 years ...
Added: February 11, 2014
, , et al., Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2013 № 2 С. 16-57
The article is the Overseas Development Institute working paper translated with the the permission of the authors. Five key emerging market economies, commonly termed the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), have been lauded for their stellar economic growth and resilience through the 2008/09 financial crisis. They are becoming models of development for development ...
Added: September 21, 2013
, Вестник Института экономики Российской академии наук 2016 № 4 С. 20-39
The paper shows that Kondratiev wave dynamics in the growth rate of global GDP in recent decades of the Great Convergence is generated by developing countries, while in the preceding period of the Great Divergence Kondratiev wave dynamics was generated above all the most economically developed countries of the “first world.” At the same time, in stark contrast to ...
Added: October 15, 2016
, , Вопросы экономики 2022 Т. 2022 № 1 С. 47-71
This paper reviews theoretical and empirical literature on long-run economic development, institutional dynamics, and their interplay. Special attention is given to papers that explore the reasons why pro-growth reforms and institutional changes may be blocked. Among these reasons, over the past years the literature has increasingly focused on inequality in the distribution of wealth and ...
Added: October 26, 2022
, , Политическая наука 2019 № 2 С. 48-73
Для Российской Федерации характерен высокий уровень регионального неравенства, что создает потенциал для политической нестабильности и регионализма. Региональное социально-экономическое неравенство в стране выросло после распада СССР и его плановой экономики. Попытки если не устранить, то смягчить огромные территориальные различия предпринимались и во время либеральных реформ 1990-х годов, и в период централизации при В. Путине. В этом ...
Added: April 24, 2020
, , Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2013 Т. 8 № 4 С. 44-66
The relationship between income inequality and economic growth is complex. Some inequality is integral to the effective functioning of a market economy and the incentives needed for investment and growth. But inequality can also be destructive to growth, for example, by amplifying the risk of crisis or making it difficult for the poor to invest ...
Added: November 27, 2013
, , Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2012 № 3 С. 7-24
On May 18-19, 2012, at the presidential retreat in Camp David in Maryland, U.S. president Barack Obama hosted the 38th annual G8 summit. The leaders discussed global economic growth, development, and peace and security. After less than 24 hours of face-to-face time among the leaders, they issued communiqué of only five pages. However, Camp David ...
Added: February 14, 2013
, Общественные науки и современность 2011 № 5 С. 21-33
The author compares the processes of economic development in the countries of the West and the East. The ratio in GDP growth, levels of per capita GDP both in the past and in the present time are analyzed. The article forecasts further development of Russia in whatever way (inertia, authoritarian or deepening of reforms) will ...
Added: December 17, 2012
, Вопросы теоретической экономики 2019 № 1 С. 46-58
Notwithstanding plenty of concepts and opportunity to apply modern analysis techniques, within the economic papers and expert reports arguments based on relatively simple static models are commonly used whilst assessing the influence of international trade on welfare. Those models vastly lack features of the dynamic models, which take into account long-term effects of innovations and ...
Added: March 26, 2019
, , Arab Studies Quarterly 2013 Vol. 35 No. 1 P. 20-38
The article analyzes the specifics of urbanization dynamics in Egypt, which is noteworthy for a number of reasons. First, there was a shift from the logistic trend in the 1970s, and the share of urban population stopped growing. The UN data analysis shows that such a shift usually occurs against the background of very serious ...
Added: March 7, 2013