Транспортно-логистическая система Московской агломерации: анализ состояния и перспективы развития
The topicality of the paper is defined by the world trends of economic development accompanied by the growth of urban population and the formation of agglomerations. Moscow agglomeration has a leading development potential among others.
Uncoordinated and unbalanced policies of various government agencies and monopolies as well as business structures can lead to irrational expenditure of investments and negatively affect the public interests: environment, level of prices for consumer goods and services, level of service, imbalance of labor market, aggravation of problems related to the labor migration. In long-run perspective it may lead to a slowdown or even a reduction in the gross regional product.
The article considers main stages of urbanization, models of urban environment development (functional distribution of infrastructure), spatial development of agglomerations (mono- and polycentric agglomerations), and main risks associated with the development of Moscow agglomeration according to the adopted model.
The work focuses on the necessity to clarify the boundaries of the Moscow agglomeration when the interests of nearby territorial entities are under consideration and projects of logistics and manufacturing infrastructure development are planned.
Based on the program and reports it was evaluated the effectiveness of remedies to develop Moscow agglomeration implemented by state and municipal authorities. As well, it was analyzed the potential impact of remedies on the interests of industries and social spheres that are related to the implementation of these projects.
In particular, it is shown the data on the level of development and geographical distribution of regional warehouse infrastructure, the provision of freight rail infrastructure, the problem with staffing issues in the logistics sector and the migration situation in the Moscow region.
The conducted research confirms the necessity to elaborate transport and logistics system in Moscow agglomeration taking into account all risks associated with side-effects of the program.
There are some key conclusions are received in the article among which: 1) it is required to coordinate programs on the level of the whole agglomeration and industries whose performance indicators reflect the decisions made; 2) the transport and the logistics system of Moscow agglomeration should be developed taking into account all risks associated with the side-effects of the program; 3) the second proposition can be realized via the creation of a center responsible for the development of various agglomerations; 4) the center mentioned in the point three should include not only state and municipal authorities, but also science and business in order to coordinate programs at different levels, provide methodical support and collect data which will be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of projects.