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Article

«Сила моя от голода, а слабость — от сытости»: житие Сахла Тустари

Шаги/Steps. 2016. Т. 2. № 2-3. С. 258-279.

The present publication includes a Russian translation of the 28th chapter from ʻAttar’s Memorial of God’s friends (Taẕkiratu’l-awliyā). The hero of this chapter, Sahl of Tustar (d. 896), was a Qur’an commentator and a Sufi sheik affiliated both with Sufi and Islamic Law circles of the 9th century Basra. The first translation of this text into Russian from the Persian original (in M. Esteʻlami’s edition), supplied with historical and philological commentary, is prefaced by a concise introduction, which provides basic data on Tustari’s life, teachings and works in Arabic. It is noted that although ʻAttar has constructed his narrative by borrowing mostly from Arabic sources, his Persian portrait of Sahl looks different. ʻAttar’s narration is an account of self-sacrificing deeds of a Sufi man of faith as well as an account of his homiletic sayings on the benefits of penitence, hunger and confidence in God; Tustari’s achievements in esoteric interpretation of the Qu’ran are barely mentioned.