Машиностроительная отрасль как перспективное направление технологичного экспорта России
The article deals with determining the zones where it would be reasonable to use robotic-surgical systems (complexes) in conducting abdominal operations. It is not only the economic interests of a clinic, but the safety and the health of a patient that are regarded as criteria for optimality, as well as convenience and fatigability level of medical personnel. The article offers the logics and methodology for such a survey, which would consist of three blocks. At the start, on the basis of the experience of operations performed by the authors, the system of verifiable current hypotheses is structured. The second block deals with the content analysis (CA) of the publications relating to the description of respective medical cases, which partially allows to confirm the previously suggested hypothesis. The final stage will involve a survey in the form of a questionnaire of leading surgeons. The results of two first stages of work are presented in this article.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.