Краудинвестинг как новый способ венчурного финансирования
Prospects of innovative development of education on the basis of realization of the opportunities given by information society are discussed. Conditions of formation and development of the information-communication educational space (ICES) are studied. The task of creating of the information-analytical web-portal of Russian educational complex (REC) as a key system-forming element of innovative infrastructure of ICES is formulated. The technique of modeling and forecasting of innovative development of REC is offered. The concept of an intellectual control system of innovative development of REC in the conditions of information society is proposed and substantiates.
There are some reasons, why both social investors and social project initiators (including NGO) need mediators for the process of investments. Mediators can reduce transaction costs for both sides because they shoulder the functions of search, audit, information expansion and also they create convenient services for investors and recipients. So social exchange platforms provides “good and clear” competition for resources in Russian “third sector” of economy.
Abstract: Nowadays innovation development and creation of the link between science and business becomes actual more and more. This problem could be decided by making conditions which facilitate innovation ecosystem emergence. Theoretical aspects of innovation ecosystem are considered in the article. By the example of Silicon Valley, case study of innovation ecosystem is observed. As a result of the paper, we provide some recommendations on innovation ecosystem emergence and management.
The article describes the production models of IT-projects. The comparative analysis of financial features of the three most popular models is considered: model, in which publisher and developer are in the one company, model, in which publisher hires outsource company of developers and innovation crowdfunding model. For crowdfunding model the most successfully funded games are analyzed.
This article examines the South African financial system for start-up companies, and focuses particularly on the support provided by the Khula indemnification scheme. Most research rests on the assumption that a lack of finance is the sole impediment to success of start-ups; however, it is unclear whether such government intervention can indeed foster successful entrepreneurial activity. We show that the current system provides profit making opportunities for both banks and consultants, but lacks focus on sustainable business development. There are incentives to create companies not in an attempt to be profitable, but rather as a means to gain access to government or government-backed money. We question whether a lack of finance is the primary obstacle to the formation of businesses. Instead, we argue that it is a lack of accountability and an insufficient application of business tools such as basic cost accounting that make entrepreneurs less creditworthy.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.