Потерянные годы здоровой жизни в результате дорожно-транспортных происшествий в России
In Russia road-traffic accidents are one of the main causes of injury of the population. In 2016 more than 220,000 people were injured in road accidents, whereas 20,000 people died. Published review of injury epidemiology in the UK and Europe found that many studies relied solely on mortality rates from injury to describe epidemiology while deaths comprise only the top of the injury pyramid. It could lead to erroneous estimates of the total burden of injury.
This study is designed to assess both the years of life lost due to premature mortality and disability caused by road traffic fatal and non-fatal injuries, using integrated indicators of the population health. We use methodology of disability-adjusted life years (DALY), as well as an empirical database of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate, medical statistics (№ 57) and statistics on deaths from vital registration system.
In the most Russian papers the years of life lost due to premature mortality were estimated, whereas in this study we estimated the whole burden of road-traffic accidents caused by fatal and non-fatal injuries in Russia in 2012. Our estimates of DALY due to road-traffic accidents in Russia in 2012 are close to WHO’s estimates, exceeding them by 4.5%. It indicates the ability of using Russian medical statistics to assess DALY without using different international models.