On the need to change the stereotypes embodied in school history textbooks. Write the history of gender symmetry.
The article is devoted to the reconstruction of school system in 1936, when the evidence of the world war became clear. The author investigates the processes inside the teachers community and in school training, caused by the renunciation of former policy of pupils differentiation according their intellectual abilities. On the basis of archive documents of Moscow schools the article restores the superior control mechanisms of school stuffs and the methods of school pedagogy, descended from the formulation of the new strategic aims,