Influence of Order Payment Delays on the Efficiency of Multinomenclature Reserve Control Models
For the multinomenclature EOQ reserve control model with renting storage space and delayed payment for the orders, we propose an approach to optimization that accounts for the temporal value of money. We estimate the influence of these delays both on the parameters of the optimal control strategy and on the efficiency of using floating capital. The study has been done for situations when the said delays let one pay for orders from the revenue on repeat order intervals. We establish a necessary and sufficient condition imposed on the duration of delays that guarantees that this order payment from the revenue is possible. We illustrate characteristic features of optimization procedures with numerical computations.
In what way and why does the manager should consider temporary value of money in modern inventory models? In the article it is shown that during the optimization of such multinomenclature models accounting of attributes of cashflows due to the concept of their temporary value, allows the manager to use the available synergetic effect for increasing the index of return on current assets which can be invested in the work of supply chains. Such possibility is unlikely to leave doubts concerning the format of optimization procedures taking into account specificity of cashflows in real supply chains at inventory management.
For the multiproduct EOQ-models the analysis of several vehicles deliveries feasibility factoring in vehicle capacity is conducted. It is proved that such deliveries with an increase in the number of vehicles that simultaneously used for a single delivery cannot be effective, if a discount is not given for the cost of such a delivery. The necessary and sufficient condition that sets the threshold level of the discount, at which the deliveries by several vehicles are able to compete with the traditional solutions, is established. The cases of numerical calculations are presented in the article.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management