To solve problems of demand management in terms of smart energy systems (Smart grid), we need a mathematical model of active consumer decision-making. Existing models either do not consider important aspects of consumer behavior, or are too complex for use in multi-agent simulation. A mathematical model of an active consumer is proposed, based on which we formulate and solve the problem of optimization of electrical appliances and consumer equipment, as well as determine the loading conditions of self-generation, under which the consumer problem allows simple and effective solution. The proposed approach is illustrated by equipment optimization of a single household.
In this paper, we consider two scheduling problems on a single machine, where a specific objective function has to be maximized in contrast to usual minimization problems. We propose exact algorithms for the single machine problem of maximizing total tardiness 1‖max-ΣT j and for the problem of maximizing the number of tardy jobs 1‖maxΣU j . In both cases, it is assumed that the processing of the first job starts at time zero and there is no idle time between the jobs. We show that problem 1‖max-ΣT j is polynomially solvable. For several special cases of problem 1‖maxΣT j , we present exact polynomial algorithms. Moreover, we give an exact pseudo-polynomial algorithm for the general case of the latter problem and an alternative exact algorithm.
To improve the reliability of data delivery, in Wi-Fi networks stations can reserve for their transmissions periodic time intervals of the same duration in which they are allowed to transmit, while adjacent stations do not have that right. Here there arises the problem of choosing the parameters of reserved intervals that would ensure quality of service requirements for transmitted data in the smallest possible amount of reserved channel time. We consider the data transmission process in periodic intervals with the block acknowledgement policy that lets us reduce the costs by acknowledgement the set of packets with a single service message. We propose a method for mathematical modeling of such a transmission.
In this paper we consider the NP-hard 1|rj|ΣTj scheduling problem, suggesting a polynomial algorithm to find its approximate solution with the guaranteed absolute error. The algorithm employs a metric introduced in the parameter space. In addition, we study the possible application of such an approach to other scheduling problems.
An agent model of crowd (ensemble) behavior in emergencies was presented. This model is distinguished for the allowance for dynamics of each agent from the ensemble under consideration. The crowd effect manifests itself mostly as attraction or repulsion of closely set agents with a probability depending on the agent’s psychological type. Consideration was given to the effects associated with the crowd “turbulence.” Operation of the intelligent rescue agents was simulated. The impact of the configuration of spatial agent allocation on the dynamics of their evacuation in emergencies was analyzed. The influence of the intelligent rescue agents on the system was studied, and an adaptive procedure for training such agents was developed.
The optimality criteria used in the problem of stochastic linear regulator over an infinite time horizon were analyzed. A certain criterion for long-run average and pathwise ergodic were shown to be inefficient with regard for the disturbance factor. Consideration was given to a new criterion of the extended long-run average and its use in the discounted control systems.
The IEEE 802.11s standard of Wi-Fi Mesh networking introduces a novel deterministic channel access mechanism called MCCA. This mechanism allows stations to reserve distinct time intervals for their data transmission. Since each station is informed about their neighbouring stations' reservations, it does not transmit during them leading to less packet losses due to packets collisions. However, to provide QoS (Quality of Service) over an imperfect wireless channel additional packets retransmissions might be needed. That leads to problem of choosing appropriate MCCA reservations parameters. In the paper, we develop an analytical model of QoS provisioning data streaming over a lossy Wi-Fi Mesh network via MCCA. The model can be used to find such reservations parameters for which the channel resource consumption is minimal while QoS requirements are met.
We consider the problem of modeling anomalous diffusions with the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process with time-varying coefficients. An anomalous diffusion is defined as a process whose mean-squared displacement non-linearly grows in time which is nonlinearly growing in time. We classify diffusions into types (subdiffusion, normal diffusion, or superdiffusion) depending on the parameters of the underlying process. We solve the problem of finding the coefficients of dynamics equations for the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process to reproduce a given mean-squared displacement function.
After a series of publications of T.E. O’Neil et al. (e.g. in 2010), dynamic programming seems to be the most promising way to solve knapsack problems. Some techniques are known to make dynamic programming algorithms (DPA) faster. One of them is the graphical method that deals with piecewise linear Bellman functions. For some problems, it was previously shown that the graphical algorithm has a smaller running time in comparison with the classical DPA and also some other advantages. In this paper, an exact graphical algorithm (GrA) and a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme based on it are presented for an investment optimization problem having the best known running time. The algorithms are based on new Bellman functional equations and a new way of implementing the GrA.
This paper describes a modified version of an algorithm suggested earlier by the authors for optimizing of ads allocation in sponsored search on the main page of search results in response to user search queries to a web search engine. It is demonstrated that the modification of the algorithm reduces appreciably the searching procedure and the algorithm complexity. And finally, the new algorithm undergoes experimental testing on real data sets provided by Yandex. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
A computationally efficient method for the design of a suboptimal anisotropic con- troller for discrete descriptor systems based on convex optimization methods is proposed. Nu- merical examples are given.
We show that if preferences can be defined with an additive utility function then decision making models based on the theory of criteria importance can be defined with imprecise probabilities. With this idea, we analyze new approaches to decision making in the theory of criteria importance.
For the process of order (1,1) spatial autoregression, the consistency and asymptotic normality of the sign estimate were established. The relative asymptotic efficiency of the sign estimate relative to least- squares estimate was calculated, and its behavior under various distributions of the renewing field was considered.
This paper demonstrates that most existing voting schemes represent or can be rewritten as weighted games. However, axiomatics for power indices defined on simple games are not directly applied to weighted games, since related operations become ill-posed. The author shows that the majority of axiomatics can be adapted to weighted games. Finally, a series of examples are provided.
Using a simplified multistage bidding model with asymmetrically informed agents, De Meyer and Saley  demonstrated an idea of endogenous origin of the Brownian component in the evolution of prices on stock markets: random price fluctuations may be caused by strategic randomization of “insiders.” The model is reduced to a repeated game with incomplete information. This paper presents a survey of numerous researches inspired by the pioneering publication of De Meyer and Saley.
For the model of autoregression with a random coefficient, the estimate by the least absolute deviations (LAD) method was proved to be consistent and asymptotically normal. For the asymptotic relative efficiency of the estimate by the LAD method as compared to the least squares method, an analytical expression was obtained. For the case where the innovative field of the autoregression process has the Tukey distribution, consideration was given to the behavior of the relative asymptotic efficiency.
In situations when a group of people has to make a decision based on the set of individual preferences, they use a certain aggregation method, in particular, voting. One of the main problems for any non-dictatorial social choice rule is the possibility for the voters to achieve a more preferable outcome of the voting by misrepresenting their preferences. Such actions on behalf of the voters are called manipulation, or strategic voting. One approach used to compare social choice rules in terms of how hard they are to manipulate is to find the complexity classes of manipulation problems for a given aggregation method. In this work, we present a survey of the studies of complexity classes of manipulation problems under various model assumptions and constraints.
Opinion dynamics in network structures of special type are considered. Each node consists of two agents interacting with each other. The properties of consensus arising in such structures are studied using the DeGroot model.