Предпринимательская активность в постсоциалистических странах Европы: методология и ограничения исследования
The subject of this article is the entrepreneurial activity of the population in the post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), its goal — to identify different types of ecosystems of entrepreneurship in these countries by means of the analysis of entrepreneurial activity in various countries/groups of countries taken in the context of their societal and economic development. Empirically article is based on data from the “Global Entrepreneurship Monitor” (GEM). On the basis of an analysis of strengths and weaknesses of existing approaches in the relevant literature to taxonomy of business ecosystems, using a set of key country level indicators of the GEM for 2011, it proposes a taxonomy of entrepreneurship ecosystems based on two "axes" — the quality of entrepreneurial activity (high, average, below average) and the state of entrepreneurship framework conditions in respective countries (favourable, average, below average). The result is a clustering of CEE countries’ entrepreneurship ecosystems, where the worst cluster is consisting of solely Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the best one — of Czech Republic. Russia belongs to a cluster with mid-level indicators along of both axes. The results might be used to implement a more focused entrepreneurship promotion and small businesses support policies which must move away from generalist schemes to policy options taking into account the resources and limitations of each of the selected types of entrepreneurship ecosystems.