Психологические основы инициативы в педагогическом общении, Или "Педагогика Тома Сойера"
Initiative is animportant element of the activity-pedagogy, its psychological basis. Creating a situation support for a student’s initiativeis thecentral task for the teacher who works not in the paradigm of knowledge translation, but in the activity-paradigm. Nuances of developing educational initiatives can be drawn from fiction. The article analyzes the situation taken from a book by Mark Twain which reveals some elements of the educational initiative in action.
The paper discusses social aspects of higher education institutions engagement with their regional communities. On the basis of the cases of the Russian Siberian and Southern Federal Universities the author analyzes practices and formats of their interaction with different regional stakeholders as part of the FUs' social function implementation. The FU's capacity to enhance their third mission is assessed. The author suggests a set of indicators to assess universities social activities impact on development of the regions, and puts forward recommendations on building the federal universities capacity for fulfilling their third role. The paper is prepared within the framework of the Ministry of Education and Science project "Organizational and analytical support to the national priority project "Education" on activities aimed at "Development of Federal Universities", carried out by the National Training Foundation.
Thе author analyzes the legal aspects of BRICS` functioning and of the Declarations of Heads of State and Government of the BRICS countries, adopted at the summits, particularly of the Declaration of 2013. Special attention is paid to the perspectives of the common work of lawyers to elaborate legal ways to provide the BRICS countries cooperation.
The article considers the issues of business competition and cooperation. There presented the market type matrix based on «cooperation-competition» criteria. The concepts of competition marketing and relations with competitors are defined. The concept of marketing communications is specified. The analysis of the main methods of cooperation is carried out.
The chapter is related to the report represented on the conference and connected with maritime security and providing stability in Asia-Pacific region
The Arctic Yearbook is the outcome of the Northern Research Forum (NRF) and UArctic joint Thematic Network (TN) on Geopolitics and Security. The TN also organizes the annual Calotte Academy. The Arctic Yearbook seeks to be the preeminent repository of critical analysis on the Arctic region, with a mandate to inform observers about the state of Arctic politics, governance and security. It is an international and interdisciplinary peer-reviewed publication, published online at https://arcticyearbook.com/ to ensure wide distribution and accessibility to a variety of stakeholders and readers.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the Workshops held at the International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2014, which took place in Barcelona, Spain, in November 2014. This year SocInfo 2014 included nine satellite workshops: the City Labs Workshop, the Workshop on Criminal Network Analysis and Mining, CRIMENET, the Workshop on Interaction and Exchange in Social Media, DYAD, the Workshop on Exploration of Games and Gamers, EGG, the Workshop on HistoInformatics, the Workshop on Socio-Economic Dynamics, Networks and Agent-based Models, SEDNAM, the Workshop on Social Influence, SI, the Workshop on Social Scientists Working with Start-Ups and the Workshop on Social Media in Crowdsourcing and Human Computation, SoHuman.
The article reviews the development of Soviet psychology at the beginning of the 20th century and its contemporary school viewed through the prism of thriving global psychology. The development process is considered to be influencing the establishment of operational approach in Soviet education.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.