Развитие российской логистической инфраструктуры экспорта нефтеналивных грузов
Since Russia is one of the leading players in the market supply of oil cargo, in the paper examines the state of the infrastructure intended for the export of Russian oil and oil products. We consider the current situation and the prospect of the most significant projects, providing transportation of crude oil and petroleum products. The analysis of terminal capabilities in key areas of transport, providing exports of oil cargo.
The report is devoted to comprehensive research in the field of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure in to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of international transport corridors (ITC). Particularly attention spares to the place and the role of the Russian Transportations Ministry and the Russian Rail-way joint stock company in the investment projects realization, also to the problems of the logistics infrastructure development in sea ports and multimodal transport junctions for example North-East and Moscow regions.
In the article reveals an influence of various stages of life cycle of the company on its investment activity. For this purpose it is necessary to follow the dynamics of a life cycle of the separate organization and to find new approaches tin the management policy of the company. The article contains the description of features of a corporate investment policy for each stage of life cycle, the phase of revival of business is separately considered. The methodological basis of research is presented, the constructed models are empirically tested.
The strategic doctrine of creation of the Logistic centre presented in article in the Uhlan Udensky transport junction and making up of the integrated transport and logistic system in Republic Buryatia is directed on maintenance of realization of Strategy of social and economic developing of Republic Buryatiya as is innovative technological, transport and communication and tourist and recreation complex of world level. The urgency of development of the strategic doctrine is determined, first of all, by a high urgency of logistics in modern Russia, as strategic factor of maintenance of competitiveness and steady economic growth of the country, and also
necessity of the decision within the limits of realisation of Transport strategy of Russia of commitments of developing of regions of Siberia and the Far East.
The collective monograph deals with the fundamentals and principles of venture financing, the history of its emergence, distinctive features from other types of investment. The book proves the relevance of the developing logistics infrastructure and the formating regional transport and logistics system based on the cluster approach in the Omsk region. The monograph deals with the problem of road safety from the institutional approach. Collective monograph can be recommended to senior managers, business professionals, university professors, graduate students, students of senior courses in economic specialties.
The paper contains empirical estimates of how behavioral factor (an attitude towards risk), rationality and uncertainty influence on investment decisions (capital investment) of Russian companies. The research is guided by the models of Sandmo (1971), Bo and Sterken (2007). We have tested a hypothesis, that risk preferring companies tend to grow investment, while risk averse companies are more likely to decrease the number of investment projects under uncertainty. The following rational variables, explaining investment policy, are included into the model: sales growth, market power, return on equity, debt to equity ratio, current liquidity. Since the time span of the research includes both the crisis period (years 2008, 2009) and the period before the crisis (2004-2007) we have also estimated the time effect on the companies’ investments.
The following estimators have been used to get the results: ordinary least squares; fixed effects model; random effects model; panel data models with binary variables controlling time effects; Hausman-Teylor’s model, generalized method of moments.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management