Развитие грузопотоков и логистической инфраструктуры транспортировки нефтеналивных грузов на юге Европы
The major market for crude oil produced in the Caspian region and petroleum products produced at the southern refineries of Russia and CIS countries is the market of the countries of the south of Europe. The transport infrastructure of the countries of the south of Europe for delivery of oil products to consumers is designed for sea supply. In this work, special attention is paid to the condition and development of port terminals and transport systems connecting port tank farms with consumers of oil products. The main capacity of the oil industry in the south of Europe is concentrated in the most developed countries. The method of quantitative analysis is used to study the possibilities of transport infrastructure and the production of petroleum products in the region under study. With the help of this method it is possible to establish the correspondence of the possibilities of the transport infrastructure with the expected and existing freight flows. An analysis of the capabilities of oil refineries that consume crude oil in this region is given. The possibilities of enterprises providing reserve capacities of oil energy resources are considered. Based on the data for the last decade on oil consumption and refining in the countries of the region, the tendencies of development of supply chains for the oil industry in the south of Europe are being investigated. The main regions of crude oil consumption are outlined, the prospects for the development of oil production in the countries of southeast Europe are shown. The presented analysis makes it possible to identify the most significant areas of southern Europe for the implementation of oil supply chains in the region, to build the most efficient cargo flows for shippers.