Апробация способа выявления приоритетной и конкурентоспособной тематики прикладной медицинской науки на примере аллергологии
The previously proposed approach to the identification of priority and competitive subjects of medical research is applied to the field of science "allergology". The arguments are given that this area of science is the applied one. Search for publications on socio-economic burden of allergic diseases in Russian Federation has been carried out, the study only on bronchial asthma has been found. Evidence gaps for medical technologies used in the allergology are identified (for atopic dermatitis as example), which represent the directions for priority research.
The fourth and conclusive topic of the lecture course «Firm-level Empirical Surveys: Tools and Practice» is presented in this issue. The topic «Empirical studies of Russian enterprises behavior: subject-matters and methods» includes two lectures and describes emergence and development of applied empirical studies of Russian enterprises behavior in 1990-2000th and ways of improvement methodology for collecting and analyzing data. Examples of implemented research project illustrating the history of development firm-level surveys are considered. In conclusion of the course we return to discussion of the key issue of quality of empirical information and means of its improvement. Besides, special recommendation for organization of seminars and check of students' learning are presented.
This manuscript explores alternatives to the currently dominant model of political identification with a nation (nation-state), namely versions of civilizational, cosmopolitan and identification. In the course of the research author concludes that transnational identification can not become a solution to the problem of “identity crisis” for large political communities. However, the theoretical investigation of this form of identification may be relevant to the life strategies of single individuals who face existence under the dominant political order of the nation-state, despite the fact that their practices in a global world has already gone beyond national borders.
The monograph may be of interest to students in the field of political theory, international relations and philosophy, as well as a wide range of readers ingaged in a problem of the construction of political identities in the era of globalization.
Utilising sources that range from 16th century parish registers to the 21st century supermarket loyalty card, this collection examines the history and development of identification documents and surveillance techniques over the past 500 years. Combining the knowledge of several experts from a variety of disciplines, this volume successfully demonstrates how identification and registration can enable and empower a population, particularly if the interests of the state and population coincide. It also reveals the weakness of states or corporations when dealing with issues such as popular resistance and fraud, despite great leaps forward in the scientific methods of identifying individuals. This important book offers a vital contribution to the literature on a variety of topical subject areas such as biometric identification, immigration control and personal data use, as such it is of interest to students and scholars of civil and human rights amongst other disciplines.
Australia took over the responsibility for coordinating the G20 work from Russia, accepting the rotating presidency of the forum on December 1, 2013. Most commentators argue that the Russian presidency was a success in terms of strengthening G20’s institutional framework, its legitimacy and effectiveness.
G20 leaders met in St. Petersburg under the trying economic conditions. Sluggish global growth, persisting imbalances and downside economic risks demanded that the forum concentrates its efforts on developing and adopting a set of measures aimed at boosting strong, sustainable and balanced growth, along with job creation, around the world. Similarly to the previous summits, these traditional priorities constituted the core of the Russian G20 presidency agenda.
The Russian presidency managed to ensure a proper balance between its national interests and the partners’ priorities, utilizing the G20 capabilities to respond to the key global governance challenges. Сonsolidating members’ efforts to address core economic and financial issues, the G20 also launched its work on such risks as increasing income disparities, chronic underinvestment in the safe and secure modern infrastructure, unforeseen negative consequences of regulation.
The paper deals with the algorithm of the identification of discrete systems with variable delay, consisting of an ideal sampler, zero-order hold and the linear continuous part. The delay parameter (fractional part of time delay) is estimated through the inverse modified Z-transform. The estimation is based on the equality of the continuous-time part step response to zero at the time delay point. The time delay of the discrete system (integer component) is adjusted by means of the integer part of the estimate obtained.
This article discusses work that is part of a larger project intended to explore the importance of values in a wide variety of contexts. The project addresses three broad questions about values. First, how are the value priorities of individuals affected by their social experiences? That is, how do the common experiences people have, because of their shared locations in the social structure, influence their value priorities? And, how do individuals’ unique experiences affect their value priorities? Second, how do the value priorities held by individuals affect their behavioral orientations and choices? That is, how do value priorities influence ideologies, attitudes, and actions in the political, religious, environmental, and other domains?
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.