Religion and ideology in Modern Russia
Armenian Christianity Today examines contemporary religious life and the social, political, and cultural functions of religion in the post-Soviet Republic of Armenia and in the Armenian Diaspora worldwide. Scholars from a range of countries and disciplines explore current trends and everyday religiosity, particularly within the Armenian Apostolic Church (AAC), and amongst Armenian Catholics, Protestants and vernacular religions. Themes examined include: Armenian grass-roots religiosity; the changing forms of regular worship and devotion; various types of congregational life; and the dynamics of social composition of both the clergy and lay believers. Exploring through the lens of Armenia, this book considers wider implications of â€˜postsecularâ€™ trends in the role of global religion.
This article is an attempt to observe the evolution of commercial taxation system in the Central Asia region from the Empire of Timurids (14th–15th cc.) to the establishment of the Russian Empire’s protectorate over Bukharan Emirate and Khivan Khanate at the second half of the 19th – beginning of the 20th cc. Author analyzes process of replacement of Turkic-Mongol imperial duty “tamgha” by the traditional Islamic tax “zakyat” within the context of co-existence of imperial Mongol and Islamic values in the region. Also author tries to reveal the reasons why Islamic clergy fought actively for abolition of the tamgha and why the Russian government considered reasonable saving the zakyat as the basic commercial tax in the Russian Turkestan to the last quarter of the 19th c. and in the Central Asian khanates – to the beginning of the 20th c. (even after their integration into the Russian custom system). As a result, author comes to the conclusion that Central Asian authorities in their tazation policy at all stages of historical development the region attempted to find a compromise between defense of state interests and keeping in mind the religious ideology of the local population.
Article was devoted to studying of political preferences of orthodox believers in Russia during the period from 1991 to 2011. Statistical data and the results of sociological polls which published in the Russian periodical press are analyzed in work. The author make to a conclusion that electoral preferences of a significant part of orthodox believers drift from democratically focused parties to social conservative party of the ruling power in two decades. Moreover about 10% of orthodox believers drift towards support for the communist party of Russia. The reasons of transformation of political preferences of orthodox believers reveal in research. Also the issue of interconnection between political preferences and religious characteristics brought up in the article.
The book examines deep shifts in the religious life of Russia and the post-Soviet world as a whole. The author uses combined methods of history, sociology and anthropology to grasp transformations in various aspects of the religious field, such as changes in ritual practices, the emergence of a hierarchical pluralism of religions, and a new prominence of religion in national identity discourse. He deals with the Russian Church’s new internal diversity in reinventing its ancient tradition and Eastern Orthodoxy’s dense and tense negotiation with the State, secular society and Western liberal globalism. The volume contains academic papers, some of them co-authored with other scholars, published by the author elsewhere within the last fifteen years.
The article was devoted the research of correlation between apartment to the church and political preferences of orthodox believers. The author analyzed the data “Socialnay stratifikaciay sovremennogo rossiiskogo obshestva”. He looks for connection between apartment to the church and voting for “United Russia”. The researcher make conclusion that variables have feeble statistical significance connection.
The author puts a question how long the institute of poliud’e (known in Rus’ since the 9th century) functioned in the northeastern princedoms of Rus’. He studies the data on the two duties “liudskoe” and “poliudnaia pshenitsa” which are mentioned in some bishopric immunity charters of the 15-16th centuries and which are allegedly (etymologically) connected to the ancient poliud’e. He rejects this connection and concludes that the poliud’e disappeared in the northeastern princedoms of Rus’ since they had been conquered by the Mongols and obliged to pay them a tribute in the mid-13th century.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.