Электронное управление и дигитализация городского пространства: история с продолжением
The authors of this article discuss different definitions of egovernance reconstructed from official documents and academic works, make comparative analysis of some cases of theory and practice of e-government and e-governance in the USA, the UK and Russia. The application of e-governance tools for solving the problems of urban space and city communications is the axis of the article. Thus, the case of Manchester serves as one of the successful examples of participatory inclusion of citizens in e-governance. The history of e-government forming in Russia is studied in the second part of the article. The authors speculate on why e-government in Russia has problems in transforming in e-governance and what problems of urban participatory culture it may inflict.
Nowadays information technologies become integral part of developing society. Enormous volumes and speed of information transfer make sufficiency and efficiency of obtaining the information the main condition of development of the public relations. It can be provided by introduction of nowaday information telecommunication technologies.
The 1st International Conference on Electronic Governance and Open Society: Challenges in Eurasia, EGOSE2014 took place in St Petersburg, Russia from 18-20 November 2014. It was the first international academic event in the field e-Governance ever held entirely in the English language in the vast Eurasian region comprising mainly the post-Soviet states. It was designed as an opportunity for researchers and practitioners from Eurasia to discuss the use of digital technologies in and for governance with their peers from other regions and thus help integrate closer into a global academic community. Specific issues that conference planned to address focused on the current and emerging challenges these countries are facing in developing sound and effective e-Governance solutions that promote public sector innovations both in terms of administrative efficiency and governance openness. The goal was to seek other regions' experiences to compare approaches, solutions, practices and thus to raise eventually the quality of research at the crossroads of technology, government and society in the region, which is lagging behind from other regions. The Conference was seen as new opportunity for researchers to publish the results of their studies in the global context.
The article is devoted to the analysis of Russian e-government formation and
development factors in the context of policy innovation research. The evolution and current
state of e-government is examined. It is stated that the e-government in Russia has a
contradictory dynamics. The key factors of its formation are outer-oriented motivation to meet
international trends and inner – oriented pursuit of legitimacy and public administration
reform. The innovation has been implementing in the logics of modernization from above,
which with unstable political leadership, closed public sphere, ineffective executives,
institutional transfer mistakes and lack of resources has lead to its low results.
Keywords: e-government, Russia, administrative reform, policy innovations, authoritarian
The 6th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, ICEGOV2012, was organized in Albany, New York, United States (US) from the 22nd to the 25th of October 2012, hosted by the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York under the patronage of the United States National Archives and Record Administration. The ICEGOV (International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance) series focuses on the use of technology to transform relationships between government and citizens, businesses, civil society and other arms of government (Electronic Governance).
The article discusses the bureucratization of the legislative and executive authorities at the re gional level, starting from the stage of formation of Russian (centralixed) state to the analysis of the current situation in the country.
This chapter explores Russia’s implementation of the national e-government strategy and information policies. . Based on official, national strategic documents and a number of e-government cases that highlight different projects at the federal and regional levels, we outline the formidable barriers and idiosyncrasies of managing e-government development in Russia.
To date, Russian cosplay community has thousand members from all over the country, and the word "cosplay" is widely used in media. Despite its prominence, cosplay remains a fan practice or, using Henry Jenkins’ term, participatory practice. In participatory culture (or cultures) fans not only consume media content but actively interpret it and make their own. This article attempts to restore the history of Russian cosplay – its development and its perception. Using media publications from newspapers and magazines that are not directly related to mass culture, we gain a view from outside the community and analyze different context of the usage of the word "cosplay". In sum, we try to answer the question if russian cosplay community and cosplay itself are stigmatized as a part of participatory culture or not.
The article is devoted to the quantitative analysis of factors affecting e-government development in Russian Regions (2007 – 2012). The key methods used are correlation and regression analyses. Hypotheses of federal government’s influence and internal determinants are tested. Among the latter are the quality of institutional environment, financial and technological resources sufficiency. The analysis shows that the key factors of regional e-government development are internal formal and informal institutions, as well as a bureaucratic factor of e-government implementation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.