Significant Changes to Summary Proceedings in Russian Arbitrazh (Commercial) Courts Adopted
Russian law allows arbitrazh (commercial) courts to grant summary judgments when the claim is uncontested, acknowledged by the respondent or when the claim amount is not financially significant. Federal Law No. 86-FZ “On Amending the RF Arbitrazh Procedure Code Due to the Development of Summary Proceedings” (the Summary Proceedings Law)2 was adopted in June of this year and will substantially change the implementation of summary proceedings in arbitrazh courts. In this article, we review the most important and interesting changes to summary proceedings that were introduced by the Summary Proceedings Law.
The article analyses the existing legal regulation of the problem of defi nition of concepts of “electronic document” and “electronic message”, correlation of these concepts and also the problem of authenticity and feasibility of electronic document as a means of evidence in civil and arbitrazh proceedings.
Recent rulings by Russia’s Supreme Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court (SAC) have clarified dispute resolution procedural issues in Russian courts. In particular, the following resolutions were adopted:
Resolution No. 61 of the Plenum of the Russian Supreme Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court of 8 October 2012, "Ensuring publicity of arbitration proceedings"
Resolution No. 61 of the Plenum of the Russian Supreme Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court of 8 October 2012, "On certain issues arising from the establishment of a court for intellectual property rights within the system of arbitration courts "
Resolution No. 62 of the Plenum of the Russian Supreme Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court of 8 October 2012, "On certain issues related to the consideration by arbitrazh (commercial) courts of cases using summary proceedings"
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/