Конституционно-правовой статус Президента в странах Прибалтики
The constitutional status of the President in the Baltic states is described in this article. Author analyzes the features of the Baltic states President power. Also interrelations between President and other branches of power are analyzed in this article. Author places emphasis on comparative analysis of the constitutional status of the President in such states as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
This anthology focuses on the comparison of historical memory debates concerning Holocaust, National Socialism, Communism and Stalinism in the larger Baltic sea area since the 1990s. As the enlarged Baltic Sea Region through its entire history was filled with conflict lines and cooperation regions, it offers an ideal field of research for various theories, notions and narratives of the cultural historical memory as well as for patterns of conflict solutions and can be productively compared with structurally similar border regions.
Most studies of the post-Soviet space often explicitly or implicitly analyze Russia not as a new independent state but as the political successor of the USSR, thereby almost automatically leading to conclusions about Russian neo-imperialism. This paper explains how distorted discourses on the Soviet legacy originated and how they obstruct equal relations between Russia and other former Soviet republics using the example of the Baltic states.
SOVIET ECONOMIC MODEL: UNION CENTER AND THE BALTIC REPUBLICS 1953 to March 1965 For the first time ever, this collection of documents offers its readers a whole range of sources on economic history of the Baltic republics. These documents will give the reader a picture of the main trends, problems and achievements of national economies of the Baltic republics, their interaction with the union Center, decision coordination mechanisms, conflicts and controversies accompanying these relationships.
In the era of the Great reforms of the XIX century in the Russian Empire the "Constitution's question" was in direct communication with the basic reforms for a transitional society – peasant (land) and local governments. Tthe legal model of the transformation of agrarian society in Russia, legislatively approved in 1861-1866, has delayed the adoption of the Constitution for an indefinite term and, in contrast, declined at this time the "conservatives" bills have assumed a gradual transition to a constitutional monarchy in the near future.
The article includes three special topics: the rules of the appointments of judges as a factor of their dependence; interaction between the courts and the administration in the context of weakness of a judicial power; co-called reform of a High Courts and the destiny of the Constitution. Some of the main conclusions of the article: 1) the President have got the power to appoint all federal judges and all chairmen of the Courts and their deputies. Meanwhile chairmen of the Courts and their deputies have got the serious administrative power. As a result of these changes the Courts turn into the hierarchical structures connected with the executive power. 2) These amendments reduced the possibilities of the creation of rule of law in Russia. The article studies some decisions of the Moscow regional Court as examples of these trend in the development of the judicial power. Оn the regional level these trend actually means the absolute loyalty of Courts to the regional executive power.
Article investigates some aspects of the liquidation of the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.