Socio-economic determinants of divorce in Lithuania: Evidence from register-based census-linked data
The chapter examines the long-term and newest trends in formation and termination of marriages in Russia in light of the 2010 Population Census. The author's analysis is based on the official Rosstat vital statistics data, sample surveys data, including three waves of the "Parents and children, men and women in family and society/Russian generations and Gender Survey" (2004, 2007, 2011.), as well as numerous author's calculations based on these data.
A sea change in the differentiation of moral views happened in the mid-1990s while the differences between the measurements in 1999 and 2008 are far less dramatic. The differentiation of judgements concerning homosexuality and euthanasia proceded consequentially in 1990-2008. Most equally distributed and in Russia and Belarus are the judgements about the abortion and divorce. Only the views on suicide have not changed since 1990. The changes in moral views among the population of Eastern Europe resulted in the individualization of the views on the traditionally disapproved social phenomena. However, substantial differences remain, even between the culturally close countries. A more detailed treatment of this process requires a comparison of the moral values in private life and social life (e.g. tax paying, briberies) and cohort analysis of moral views in Eastern Europe.
Paper is devoted to in-depth demographic analysis of contemporary trends of marriage and divorce in Russia. We used a comprehensive set of indicators and characteristics that can be obtained on the basis of official statistics (current registration of vital events, large-scale censuses and sample surveys of the population). A number of indicators presented in the article were recently calculated by the author.
This essay builds on the work of Wolfgang Iser, Janice Radway, E. H. Gombrich, and other theorists of reading to argue for a new approach to the reading encounter, which I call vested reading. Vested reading is a means of engaging with the literary text in a way that reads the self into the book one holds in one’s hands while also attending to issues of literary form. I turn to Edith Wharton’s novella Ethan Frome and its popular reception in order to flesh out my understanding of vested reading as a practice that realigns life-worlds, while reconstructing the world of the text in ways relevant to readers’ lives.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.