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Политическая конституция Испанской монархии 1812 г.: юридические свойства и политическое значение

The article is devoted to the Cadiz Constitution as a legal act, created in the first period of the constitutional development of the continental European states. The author presents an analysis of the Constitution`s content and formal characteristics. Few of them have subsequently been taken by legislators to elaborate another constitutional projects in Spain and other countries in the world. The author also presents the overview of the historical and political significance of the Constitution of 1812, confirmed through the history of its adoption and four promulgations. It was considered to be a symbol of people`s resistance, which determined its ideological and intellectual influence on his contemporaries. Particular attention is paid to the information of Cadiz Constitution in Russia and its role in Russian-Spanish relations during the war with Napoleonic France, the influence on the political and legal views of the Decembrists.