Отходники в местном сообществе: восприятие другими и самоощущение
The article deals with the topic of the status of domestic temporary labour migrants, or otkhodniks, in their home local community. Perception of otkhodniks by others and their self-perception are discussed. The results are based on 349 in-depth interviews with otkhodniks and other local residents. On the base of interviews we can conclude that differences in the view of life between otkhodniks and others have an impact on local solidarity.
On almost all geographical levels, symbolic management is increasingly introduced into processes of place management. Regional and local public authorities represent their developmental socioeconomic initiatives in an attractive way in order to obtain resources e.g. tourists, residents and capital. Along with this externally oriented symbolic management, оn the basis of empirical material which comprises Russian cases, this paper explores the capacity of internally oriented symbolic strategies to support place modernization and endogenous development, by involving multiple communities and reinforcing their sense of place.
The problems of the methodology of measuring the cohesion of local communities are considered. Presented method of qualitative evaluation of cohesion local (neighboring) communities allows us to calculate the integral indicator of cohesion, to make a "portrait" community cohesion at the individual indicators, and to identify the types of social cohesion within the community. Recommendations on the application of the methodology and statistical data processing are given. For scientists and specialists developing problems of social integration, methodology and methods of collecting and analyzing sociological data. It can be used in the educational process with students and postgraduates receiving education in the field of sociology and psychology.
The article describes a population’s activity associated with an independentand on its own responsibility realization of its own local issue-related initiatives.Th is is characterized as a form of citizens’ participation at the local level,as a social institute and as a sphere of population’s interest realization. Also thearticle describes the involvement of the Russian people’s in this form of citizens’participation as in their daily self-organization and charity activities according totheir place of residence, and evaluates the charity resources of the housing selforganizationactivists.
The chapter is about of the life of local communities.
The article is about community - or neighbours centres - as a part of community infrustructure -the system, which supports community development and community based NGOs (organizations of local self-government committees) . Who create such centres in Russia, what is their main goals and activities, their cliets? What kinds of organisations take the roles of community centres now - these are the key questions of this articles
Photography as conversation (by field study in Sochi, 2010-2014)
The field study realized in Adler region of Sochi during 2010-2014 is the ground of the paper. The main method applied is photo documentary, primarily researchers have done photos, and Photo Voices have been applied, too. Besides, the process of photography appeared to be the way of interaction with local inhabitants involving them in a dialogue with us. The aim was to get their commentaries, to reveal shared by them meanings of landscape and some objects in it. Thus we conducted the conversation about photo in the process of taking pictures. Our respondents influenced on the interpretation of photo images. In some cases photos presented such objects and elements of environments which respondent considered to be (or prefer to do) hidden, invisible.
The authors discuss a number of questions: how photo images may be used to analyze social changes, transformation of social structure, institualization of social practices, adjustment of novelty or resistance to changes. We consider some cases, such as ‘fences’, ‘streets’ building structure’, and ‘resort services’.
Some working materials are available: http://soc.hse.ru/gsoc/olimpobjects/.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.