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АМЕРИКАНСКИЙ И РОССИЙСКИЙ ПОДХОДЫ К ПРОБЛЕМЕ МИРОТВОРЧЕСТВА: ЛИБЕРАЛЬНАЯ ИДЕОЛОГИЯ ПРОТИВ ЭТАТИЗМА

Regional conflicts and civil wars born out of religious and ethnic contradictions are characteristic for the second crisis of world order of 2010s. International system was divided ideologically and this is ineffective in conflict resolution, and great powers oppose each other diametrically regarding the reasons of conflict as well as methods and goals of their resolution. For Russia and some non-Western nations the goal of conflict resolution would be the preservation and reinforcement of the local state so that it is able to maintain law and order on its territory and stabilize the situation in the region. For U.S. and Western countries the goal in conflict resolution will be the protection of individual rights and freedoms together with the establishment of liberal democratic regime on the place of the former authoritarian one, leading very often to the vacuum of power and chaos. The policy of the west is based on liberal ideology mixed with interventionist ideas. Russia views the situation through the prism of statehood and nationalism