Brewster angle and reflectivity of optically nonuniform dense plasmas
We provide theoretical analysis of the reflectance of shock-compressed plasmas and warm dense matter for normal incidence of laser radiation as well as for the dependence of s- and p-polarized reflectivity on the incidence angle. The self-consistent approach for the calculation of the optical and electronic properties of warm dense matter and nonideal plasmas developed in our previous works is extended for the description of normal and polarized reflectivity from the broadened optically nonuniform medium. Two methods are applied for the calculation of the reflectivity from spatially broadened optically nonuniform medium. The first one is based on the solution of the Helmholtz equation for the amplitudes of the electromagnetic field. Another one is based on Drude theory of reflection. It allows us to calculate the ratio of the s- and p-polarized reflectivity if dependence of the dielectric function on distance is known. For the case of the polarized reflectivity, the particular attention is concentrated on the Brewster angle. The calculation results for the dielectric function, obtained within the framework of the density-functional theory with the longitudinal expression for the dielectric tensor, are applied for the calculation of the reflectivity. Comparison with the experimental data for shock-compressed xenon is performed.