Активизация трудового поведения граждан за счет реализации мотивационного потенциала
The article discusses critical studies showing possible negative effects of incentives. As a result the question is raised about the justification and use of such managerial techniques as external motivation. It is proposed to consider all methods of motivation management only in a broader performance management context. Also the paper includes the author's three-part motivation management model, where incentives are put in one row with other methods of motivation. Anyway the conclusion is made about the limitations and the framework of incentives, as measures of managerial influence on the employee.
The author presents the characteristics of criteria for evaluating the competitive position of the enterprise, considers intra-assessment methods and tools of innovation activity.
Purpose: to establish the possibility of changing the labor behavior of employees by increasing the effectiveness of the modern motivational mechanism. Methods: a dialectical approach to the cognition of social phenomena, allowing to analyze them in historical development and functioning in the context of a set of objective and subjective factors, methods of interviewing, questioning, focus groups, coaching and interviews. Results: the results of the research showed that the motivational mechanism, including the needs and interests, goals and values, attitudes and norms of a particular employee, taking into account the current economic and socio-social environment and the influence of external stimuli, forms a motivational and stimulating environment that allows to seriously change the labor behavior Workers in the direction of achieving the most effective results. Scientific novelty: the scientific novelty of the research includes the development of methods for analyzing interests, the dominant motives of workers and the construction of a structural system of motivating (motivating) employees to work effectively. Practical significance: the practical significance lies in the development of a method for increasing the motivation of employees for productive work in the form of a systematized set of actions. The application of this method makes it possible to increase the efficiency and productivity of workers, to obtain additional profits, which is especially important in the context of the economic crisis and the lack of additional investments.
Using a combination of techniques and tests, reflecting different theoretical approaches to the study of motivation, the analysis and comparative assessment of the structure of the motivation of the two groups - working and non-working young people aged 22-25 years old with higher education. The main results of the study show the maximum severity of professional motivation and meaningful interests in work, and do not reveal specific differences in the structure of motivation among working and non-working young people. Methodological recommendations on the use of work motivation assessment tools are presented.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.