### ?

## Solitons in a disordered anisotropic optical medium

JETP Letters. 2001. Vol. 74. No. 11. P. 608-611.

The radiation-mediated interaction of solitons in a one-dimensional nonlinear medium (optical fiber) with birefringent disorder is shown to be independent of the separation between solitons. The effect produces a potentially dangerous contribution to the signal lost.

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., JETP Letters 2001 Vol. 74 No. 7 P. 391-395

The propagation of a soliton pattern through one-dimensional medium with weakly disordered dispersion is considered. Solitons, perturbed by this disorder, radiate. The emergence of a long-range interaction between the solitons, mediated by the radiation, is reported. Basic soliton patterns are analyzed. The interaction is triple and is extremely sensitive to the phase mismatch and relative ...

Added: March 4, 2017

Kolokolov I., Chertkov M., Chernyak V. et al., EPL 2004 Vol. 66 No. 4 P. 499-502

We study the interplay between amplifier noise and birefringent disorder in the case of strongly nonlinear (soliton) type of transmission in optical fibers. Assuming both noise and disorder to be weak, we evaluate the probability distribution function (PDF) of the Bit-Error-Rate (BER) for the values of BER that are much larger than the typical (average) ...

Added: February 18, 2017

I.Kolokolov, Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Journal of Lightwave Technology 2004 Vol. 22 No. 4 P. 1155-1168

This paper presents a method that allows evaluating the performance of an optical fiber system where bit errors result from a complex interplay of spontaneous noise generated in optical amplifiers and birefringent disorder of the transmission fiber. We demonstrate that in the presence of temporal fluctuations of birefringence characteristics, the bit-error rate (BER) itself is ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2003 Vol. 68 No. 6 P. 066619 -1-066619 -4

We consider a linear model of optical transmission through a fiber with birefringent disorder in the presence of amplifier noise. Both disorder and noise are assumed to be weak, i.e., the average bit-error rate (BER) is small. The probability distribution function (PDF) of rare violent events leading to the values of BER much larger than ...

Added: February 24, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2003 Vol. 67 P. 036615-1-036615-21

The propagation of the soliton pattern through optical fiber with weakly disordered dispersion coefficient is
considered. Solitons perturbed by this disorder radiate and, as a consequence, decay. The average radiation
profile is found. Emergence of a long-range intrachannel interaction between the solitons ~mediated by this
radiation! is reported. We show that soliton in a multisoliton pattern experiences a ...

Added: February 24, 2017

Savina O. N., Gromov E., Tyutin V. V., Геомагнетизм и аэрономия 2015 Т. 55 № 5 С. 675-679

The possibility of the existence of the solitary internal gravity waves on the Earth's thermosphere heights is discussed. Analytical results are obtained with local approximation weak
nonisothermal atmosphere. For internal gravity waves is derived Korteweg-de Vries equation with the heterogeneity, nonlinearity and dissipation. Theoretical
results are used to interpret the basic parameters of solitary traveling ionospheric disturbances ...

Added: July 2, 2015

Aseeva N., Gromov E., Onosova I. V. et al., JETP Letters 2016 Vol. 103 No. 10 P. 737-741

Evolution of solitons is addressed in the framework of a third-order nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE), including nonlinear dispersion, third-order dispersion and a pseudo-stimulated-Raman-scattering (pseudo-SRS) term, i.e., a spatial-domain counterpart of the SRS term which is well known as a part of the temporal-domain NLSE in optics. In this context, it is induced by the underlying ...

Added: May 4, 2016

Gromov E.M., Malomed B. A., Physica Scripta 2015 Vol. 90 No. 6 P. 068021-1-068021-6

Dynamics of Langmuir solitons is considered in plasmas with spatially inhomogeneous electron temperature. An underlying Zakharov-type system of two unidirectional equations for the Langmuir and ion-sound fields is reduced to an inhomogeneous nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) with spatial variation of the second-order dispersion (SOD) and self-phase modulation (SPM) coefficients, induced by the spatially inhomogeneous profile ...

Added: April 25, 2015

Aseeva N., Blyakhman L. G., Gromov E. et al., Труды НГТУ им. Р.Е. Алексеева 2016 № 2 С. 9-16

Цель работы: Рассмотрена динамика солитонов в рамках расширенного нелинейного уравнения Шредингера, учитывающего псевдо-рамановское рассеяние (рассеяние на затухание низкочастотных волнах), нелинейную дисперсию и пространственную неоднородность дисперсии второго порядка.
Результат: Показано, что при наличии нелинейной дисперсии сдвиг вниз спектра волновых чисел солитона, вызванный псевдо-рамановским рассеянием, может быть компенсирован сдвигом спектра вверх, вызванным пространственным уменьшением дисперсии второго порядка. ...

Added: June 24, 2016

Семенякин Н. С., Gamayun O., Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 2016 Vol. 49 No. 335201 P. 1-23

We take a soliton solution of a classical non-linear integrable equation and quench (suddenly change) its non-linearity parameter. For that we multiply the amplitude or the width of a soliton by a numerical factor η and take the obtained profile as a new initial condition. We find the values of η for which the post-quench ...

Added: April 4, 2018

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Optics Express 2003 Vol. 11 No. 14 P. 1607-1612

Fluctuations of Bit-Error-Rate (BER) stimulated by birefringent
disorder in an optical fiber system are found to be strong. The effect may not
be analyzed in terms of the average BER but rather requires analyzing the
Probability Distribution Function (PDF) of BER. We report the emergence
of the extremely extended algebraic-like tail of the PDF, corresponding to
anomalously large values of ...

Added: February 24, 2017

Blyakhman L. G., Gromov E., Onosova I. V. et al., Physics Letters A 2017 Vol. 381 No. 17 P. 1490-1492

The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger ...

Added: February 3, 2017

Blyakhman L. G., Morozov V. P., Tyutin V. V., Труды НГТУ им. Р.Е. Алексеева 2016 № 3 (114) С. 9-15

Цель работы: Исследована динамика двухкомпонентных (векторных) солитонов Давыдова-Скотта(ДС) при пространственно-скоростном рассогласовании высокочастотных (ВЧ) и низкочастотных (НЧ) компонент. Рассмотрение проведено в рамках Захаровского типа системы двух связанных уравнений для ВЧ и НЧ поля. В этой системе ВЧ поле описывается линейным уравнением Шредингера с переменным во времени и пространстве потенциалом, вызванным НЧ компонентой. НЧ компонента в этой ...

Added: October 5, 2016

Slunyaev A., Studies in Applied Mathematics 2019 Vol. 142 P. 385-413

Conditions of optimal (synchronized) collisions of any number of solitons and breathers are studied within the framework of the Gardner equation (GE) with positive cubic nonlinearity, which in the limits of small and large
amplitudes tends to other long-wave models, the classic and the modified Korteweg–de Vries equations. The local
solution for an isolated soliton or breather within the GE is obtained. ...

Added: March 11, 2019

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Turitsyn S. K. et al., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2001 Vol. 63 No. 025601(R) P. 025601-1-025601-4

We present a consistent method to calculate the probability distribution of soliton parameters in systems
with additive noise. Even though the noise is weak, we are interested in probabilities of large fluctuations
~generally non-Gaussian! which are beyond perturbation theory. Our method is a development of the instanton
formalism ~method of optimal fluctuation! based on a saddle-point approximation in ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Aseeva N., Gromov E., Onosova I. V. et al., JETP Letters 2016 Vol. 103 No. 10 P. 653-657

Evolution of solitons is addressed in the framework of a third-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE), including nonlinear dispersion, third-order dispersion and a pseudo-stimulated-Raman-scattering (pseudo-SRS) term, i.e., a spatial-domain counterpart of the SRS term, which is well known as a part of the temporal domain NLSE in optics. In this context, it is induced by the ...

Added: June 28, 2016

Pelinovsky E., E.G. Shurgalina, Sergeeva A. et al., Physical Letters A 2013 Vol. 377 No. 1 P. 272-275

Two-soliton interactions play a definitive role in the formation of the structure of soliton turbulence in integrable systems. To quantify the contribution of these interactions to the dynamical and statistical characteristics of the nonlinear wave field of soliton turbulence we study properties of the spatial moments of the two-soliton solution of the Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) ...

Added: January 18, 2013

Gromov E.M., Malomed B. A., Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 2020 Vol. 85 Article 105220

We introduce a nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) which combines the pseudo-stimulated-Raman-scattering (pseudo-SRS) term, i.e., a non-conservative cubic one with the first spatial derivative, and an external potential, which helps to stabilize solitons against the pseudo-SRS effect. Dynamics of solitons is addressed by means of analytical and numerical methods. The quasi-particle approximation (QPA) for the solitons ...

Added: February 5, 2020

Wave amplification in the framework of forced nonlinear Schrödinger equation: the rogue wave context

Pelinovsky E., Slunyaev A., Sergeeva A., Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 2015 Vol. 303 P. 18-27

Irregular waves which experience the time-limited external forcing within the framework of the nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation are studied numerically. It is shown that the adiabatically slow pumping (the time scale of forcing is much longer than the nonlinear time scale) results in selective enhancement of the solitary part of the wave ensemble. The slow ...

Added: August 4, 2015

Chabchoub A., Slunyaev A., Hoffmann N. et al., Frontiers in Physics 2021 Vol. 9 Article 633549

Solitons are coherent structures that describe the nonlinear evolution of wave localizations in hydrodynamics, optics, plasma and Bose-Einstein condensates. While the Peregrine breather is known to amplify a single localized perturbation of a carrier wave of finite amplitude by a factor of three, there is a counterpart solution on zero background known as the degenerate ...

Added: August 25, 2021

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Optics Letters 2003 Vol. 28 No. 22 P. 2159-2161

We study the dependence on fiber birefringence of the bit-error rate (BER) caused by amplifier noise in a
linear optical fiber telecommunication system. We show that the probability-distribution function of the BER
obtained by averaging over many realizations of birefringent disorder has an extended tail that corresponds to
anomalously large values of BER. We specifically discuss the dependence ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Gromov E.M., Malomed B. A., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2015 Vol. 92 No. 6 P. 062926-1-062926-7

Dynamics of solitons is considered in the framework of an extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE), which is derived from a Zakharov-type model for wind-driven high-frequency (HF) surface waves in the ocean, coupled to damped low-frequency (LF) internal waves. The drive gives rise to a convective (but not absolute) instability in the system. The resulting NLSE ...

Added: December 5, 2015

Kolokolov I., Турицын К. С., Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики 2004 Т. 125 № 2 С. 395-398

Propagation of a light pulse through a weakly inhomogeneous optical fiber is analyzed. The nonlinear
envelope equation describing the evolution of polarized pulses is determined by statistical properties of
inhomogeneities in the optical fiber. The isotropic Manakov system of equations is shown to be applicable in
the presence of high-frequency small-scale defects in the fiber. In the presence ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Falkovich G. et al., Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 2004 Vol. 195 P. 1-28

We find the probability distribution of the fluctuating parameters of a soliton propagating through a medium with additive
noise. Our method is a modification of the instanton formalism (method of optimal fluctuation) based on a saddle-point
approximation in the path integral. We first solve consistently a fundamental problem of soliton propagation within the
framework of noisy nonlinear Schrödinger ...

Added: February 12, 2017