Академическая мотивация и свойства Темной триады личности
Approbation of Russian language version of the Dirty Dozen questionnaire aimed at measurement of sub- clinical personal traits forming so-called Dark Triad – Machiavellianism, Psychopathy, Narcissism – was the purpose of the work. 362 participants aged 17–62 (M = 24.68, SD = 7.16; 123 male and и 239 female) took part in the research. Diagnostics methods Dark Dozen, Narcissistic traits, Mac-scale, the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, Scale of Psychological Reasonableness, T.V. Kornilova’s New Ques- tionnaire “Tolerance for Ambiguity”, McLain’s MSTAT-II, D.V. Lusin’s EmIn Questionnaire, A.V. Kar- pov’s Reflexivity Questionnaire and R. Sternberg’s method “Creative Titles” were used in the research. Three factors structure of the Dirty Dozen Questionnaire was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis; its scales showed satisfactory reliability and convergent validity (with respect to other question- naires). It was shown that levels of psychopathy and machiavellianism are higher in men than women. Psychopathy correlates negatively with emotional intelligence and scales of psychological reasonable- ness but positively – with creativity and tolerance for ambiguity. The results make it possible to state that the Dark Dozen is the first valid Russian language diagnostics instrument for simultaneous measurement levels of personal characteristics of Dark Triad.
The article is anylized the totalitarian power in the framework of the theory of narcissism. Narcissistic projections grand and insignificant "I" explain the specifics of ideological idealization of the people from one point of view, and terror as the implementation mechanism of devaluation, from a different point of view. It is demonstrated that the theory of narcissism can be heuristic to explain various phenomena of political and social life.
An explanation for a phenomenon of femme fatale in modernity is presented, that is quite a unique psychological profile based on a paradoxical combination of narcissism and a profound interest in the Other’s talent. But it is an interest just in the talent. As for the bearer of that talent, an individual, — he is something that is to be transcended. The examples of femme fatale are Lilya Brik и Lou Salome, who was a muse of F. Nietzsche and Z. Freud and directed the former to the idea of a Superman and the latter to the idea of narcissism.
This book deals with the problem of method in the early modern civil sciences – from the Hermann Conring “statistics” to the Giambattista Vico's “new science”, from the Tacitean political art to the Thomas Hobbes' mathesis politica. The study is focused upon the birth of the political science out of the failure of the humanist ethics and traditional Aristotelianism, and the attempts to overcome the “discursive anarchy” (V. Kahn) in the political theory. The authors of the book demonstrate the ways the central events in the early modern intellectual history – the birth of the scientific fact and the principle of objectivity, the penetration of the mathematical apparatus in the humanities – influenced the Barock political thought, and analyze the pivotal categories of the modern politics – state of exception, reason of State, manipulation – are put forward.
Pavel V. Sokolov’s “Lucis an caliginis theatrum: Theatrical Metaphors in the Early Modern historia literaria” is another one of those essays in this volume which remind readers of the frequently forgotten fact that the metaphor at issue here is present in non-theatrical texts also. Sokolov makes the striking observation that there is an intense discussion of the problem of plagiarism in an age without copyright regulations. The intricacies involved in the question of what is an “original” and what is a (perhaps plagiarized) “copy” were highlighted in contemporary treatises by drawing on the resources offered by theatrical metaphors, especially on one specific semantic strand inherent to this metaphorical complex, namely, the difficulty to decide between what is “real” action and what is (only) an imitation of real action.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.