Высшее образование в ДНР: проблемы и перспективы
In the spring of 2014 as a result of the worsening political crisis in Ukraine was proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic still unrecognized by the world community and located at the epicenter of the fading, then growing military activities. The existing on the territory of the Republic of system of professional education collapsed and began to revive again, the most significant changes have affected higher education: reregistered existing and open new universities; adopted a new list of areas of training and special majoring; reoriented from the Ukrainian to the Russian education system. In article on the basis of statistical data and personal observations presents an analysis of the modern state system of higher education of the Donetsk people's Republic. Discusses the quantitative and qualitative composition of contingent of students, teaching staff, organization of educational process, development of educational standards and programs, accreditation of educational institutions.
The article are identifies problem areas of research university model, as a model of integration of education and science. Risks of submission of educational function research are found.
This article is devoted to the infl uence that educational institutions of primary, secondary, or higher vocational level have on the set-up of social and economic vital functions of local community. Here you can fi nd a general description of the system of vocational education at the local level. According to our investigation the most advantageous educational form for a local government as well as for employers is tuition by correspondence. Institutions of vocational education in turn seem to be "fi xing agents" of young people at the local level.
Collection of scientific articles on different fields of knowledge: science, education and technology
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.