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Article

Социально-экономические факторы, способствующие появлению новых слов в современном китайском языке

The article examines new Chinese words in relation to social situation in modern PRC. Analysis of neologisms helps to make the conclusions about the main processes taking place in the cultural, economic and social life of the community nowadays, as well as reveal those trends that will define the social and economic climate in the country in the coming years. The vocabulary of modern Chinese people, especially the young citizens, quickly adding new lexical units, which fast become widespread thanks to the Internet community. That cases that this research is based both on the new words, officially recorded in last edition of the "Dictionary of Modern Chinese Language", and on the neologisms that became popular in the Internet in recent years, but not included in the dictionary. Due to the huge number of new words that have appeared over the last decade, this study aims to allocate certain lexical units, mainly analyze those words that closely related to the reform of the social system and economic life: including the names of certain groups of citizens with atypical behavioral models, specific property or marital status. A number of neologisms also linked to the new cultural concepts and value-orientations of young people. 

Keywords: neologisms, Chinese language, Chinese society, sociolinguistics, policy of birth control in PRC, language of the Internet.