Модернизация экономики России: в поисках субъекта
The notion of modernization was dominating in Russian political discourse for a short period before 2011-2012. After that the notion came into oblivion, but even amidst the officially proclaimed strive to modernization, in 2008-2011, it was a subject to harsh criticism as a mere rhetorical device.
The claim of the present article is that there were grounds for modernization efforts provided by exhaustion of the post-Soviet recovery economic growth, and by the demand for changes among Russian society. The modernization efforts indeed were of largely rhetorical nature. But it did not indicate the lack of political will among a part of Russian elite, as many critics used to claim. Using the theoretical framework provided by Raúl Prebisch’s concept of peripheral capitalism, the article shows that any attempt to overcome economic backwardness in Russia was and is bound to face major obstacles. The quality of political elite in a peripheral economy is the crucial factor for a successful implementation of development strategy.