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  • Принципы физиологии активности Н.А. Бернштейна в психологии восприятия и внимания: проблемы и перспективы

Article

Принципы физиологии активности Н.А. Бернштейна в психологии восприятия и внимания: проблемы и перспективы

The paper discusses the role and contribution of Nikolai Bernstein's scientific heritage in the development of Russian research in visual perception and attention starting from 1960-es. The adoption of four groups of ideas from Bernstein's biocybernetics is analysed: first, the metaphor of construction of movement; second, the concept of task; third, the idea of levels (hierarchy) of the motor action organization; fourth, the principle of feedback, or reentrant regulation of motor act. Theoretical frameworks for perception and attention developed by modern Russian scholars who implemented Bernstein’s ideas of hierarchical levels of control are also discussed. Analogies are drawn between research of Russian scholars in perception which is directly based on Bernstein's concepts, on the one hand, and ideas on perceptual activity regulation which have emerged in European and American cognitive psychology and modern neuroscience, such as interaction of bottom-up and top-down processes in visual system and predictive coding hypothesis. The search for empirical methods that would allow testing Bernstein's ideas as applied to perception is discussed as a central issue for the further research.