Мотивация и медиапредпочтения наблюдателей на выборах мэра Москвы 2013 г.
The capter is dedicated to the description of the fragmentation of the Russian media-based public sphere, in particular - to the dymanics of media use of the participants of the 'For fair elections' political protest movement in Russia of 2011-2012. Authors counclude that: 1) socio-economic divisions in today's Russia are mirrored in the media use patterns; 2) traditional textocentricism of Russian intelligentsia shows up and shapes media preferences and opinion leading: 3) changes in political behavior online (weakly) correlates with differences in online media use patterns; 4) a nation-wide public counter-sphere has formed in the Russian big cities. A prediction is made that fragmentation of the Russian public sphere will be deepening.
How can we motivate students, patients, employees, and athletes? What helps us achieve our goals, improve our well-being, and grow as human beings? Motivation and volition are issues that everyone grapples with in facing the challenges of everyday life. This unique and comprehensive book by leading international researchers takes a genuinely integrative view on motivation and volition from the perspective of personality systems interactions (PSI) theory of Julius Kuhl. This book is essential reading for all researchers, practitioners, coaches, educationalists, and students interested in motivating people.
In this research we use the part of RLMS data about the innovation in the lifestyles of Russian collected in 2009. Some typologies of Russian people were constructed based on their inclination to innovation, computer skills and media consumption. The last one is measured there as the differentiation of practices of internet and mobile telephone function use. The quantitative digital inequality in the accessibility of computer and internet was found. But there is the other type of digital inequality the quantitative one. It is due to the differentiation of the type of media consumption. This inequality also depends on the such factors as age, income and education level.
The article examines the reasons for low motivation for autonomous learning and focuses on the review of the research carried out to identify students’ interpretation of the following key notions: “motivation strategies” and “autonomous learning” in relation to learning foreign languages. The article considers the interrelation between motivation and autonomous learning, presents key motivation strategies and teaching techniques that students see as the best for their academic achievement.
The monograph is devoted to research of motivating innovation activities. This topic is especially relevant nowadays when there is a tendency towards activation of companies' innovation activities, increase in expenses on technological innovations and growth of innovative companies in Russia. Not all Russian innovative companies realize the necessity of improving employee management system, which requires determination of employee motivation towards innovation activities and development of an incentive system. For coping with the outlined problem, the authors discuss the existing employee stimulation types, used by Russian companies in the innovation environment. In addition, implication of different types of employee stimulation are considered for increasing innovation activities. The authors have developed a methodological approach to study motivation of innovation activities in Russian companies. This approach is based on Herzberg's theory, certain provisions of Russian and foreign approaches regarding remuneration, especially, the experience of Japanese companies aimed at stimulation of employee innovative behavior. The research results are based not only on the analysis of Russian and foreign literature, but also on the results of the empirical study. The main point of this monograph is that the obtained results led to a number of practical recommendations for top-managers and heads of human resource management departments of Russian innovation companies. The monograph contains guidelines for top-managers, including recommendations on career, social, and material incentives. The proposed ideas are not restricted only to employee stimulation and incentive types. The authors have also summarized the recommendations for top-managers and discussed them in details.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.