The article is devoted to the problems of civil procedural law reforming regarding the legal regulation of the court of appeal and supervisory instances: verification methodologies have come into force judgments, legal, technology and "oversight" stereotypes.
The article discusses the opportunities of city dwellers civic participation in the urban decision making. The theoretical background of the article is both L. Thevenot’s pragmatic sociology and Sh. Arstein’s “a ladder of citizen participation”. The empirical base of the study consists of a series of semi-structured interviews with members of garage spots owners in St. Petersburg, involved in urban contestation against enormous garage demolition. The author concludes that the possessors of garage spots resorts to the large range of instruments of urban space contestation in view of legal actions are found unproductive. The strong advocacy groups (city authorities and buildings developers) appeals to norms and lows largely, but also they addresses to the variety of the other instruments for legitimating their actions though. As a result, the interaction among urban activists and city authorities occurs in the level of “therapy”, “informing” and “manipulation”, according to the Arstein’s terminology.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/