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Article

Государственная политика финансирования сектора высшего образования в условиях бюджетных ограничений

The article describes the changing portrait of Russian higher education institutions compared to the other countries. It is shown that the proportion of the funds allocated for the levels of higher education is similar to the structure of expenditure in the other countries, however, its absolute values are three times behind the level of the OECD countries. Summarizing the international practice of higher education funding reforms, the authors analyze two aspects of the Russian higher education institutions’ reaction to the budgetary constraints: diversification of income sources and changes in the cost structure. The paper reveals major trends in the financing of the Russian higher education: concentration on leading universities support, reliance on public funding as the main source of higher education funding, low use of public-private partnerships mechanisms and endowment funds incomes. The paper gives the assessment of these trends impact on the universities’ economic position.